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prelims Test Series 2019
बेसिक इंग्लिश का दूसरा सत्र (कक्षा प्रारंभ : 22 अक्तूबर, शाम 3:30 से 5:30)
Topics need to be studied under S&T for IAS mains 2013
Oct 29, 2013

The S&T syllabus for IAS Mains includes: Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life; Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology; and Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

Here, we are presenting a list of topics that should be covered in S&T for its holistic preparation:

1. S & T policy 2013

2. Nanotechnology

  • What is Nanotechnology with brief introduction of  "how it works"

  • Applications of Nanotechnology

  • Nano Mission of India

  • Different capacity building projects of India

  • Examples of some research outputs

  • Nano knowledge city

  • Initiatives by different companies

  • Drawbacks 

3. Telecommunications

a) Basic concepts as:

  • What is analog and digital?

  • What are the different multiplexing techniques?

  • Optical fibre system

  • Networking devices as Modem, ISDN, PSTN, etc.

  • What is spectrum?

  • How mobile phone works?

b) GSM and CDMA

Different Generations of Mobile

d) Types of mobile batteries

e) Wi-Fi; Wimax; Bluetooth; WiBro; WAP; GPRS

f) What are Broadband and its uses?

g) Satellite Phone

h) iPhone and iPad

i) GPS navigation

j) Radiation emission guidelines set for Mobile Handsets, Mobile Base Stations

k) Indian Telecom Industry with brief history; National Telecom Policy 1994, 1999, 2011


m) Mobile Number Portability

n) TCCCPR Bill 2010

o) What is USOF?

p) Spectrum Licencing

q) Telecomm applications for the socio-economic dev of the masses

4. Electronics

  • Brief introduction of Semiconductors

  • How semiconductor works

  • What are photovoltaic devices

  • LED and OLED

  • Plasma 


  • HDTV

  • Triple play

  • Lasers

  • 3-D and Animation

  • Superconductors

  • Government initiatives for dev of electronic industry in India as Electronics Hardware Technology Park (EHTP) Scheme, Export Promotion Capital Goods (EPCG) Scheme, National Skill Dev etc.

  • R & D in Electronics

  • Electronics Policy 2012

5. IT

  • Computers and their Generations

  • Supercomputers

  • Networking and types

  • Internet

  • Basic terms used in internet as www; http; HTML; URL; IP address etc

  • IPV6

  • IP Telephony

  • Social networking sites and its impact

  • Computer crimes

  • Cyber laws

  • Types of computer viruses

  • Recent controversy on online content 

  • Digital signature

  • UIDAI project: use of IT in fingerprinting, iris scanning etc

  • ATM

  • Artificial Intelligence

  • Digital Convergence

  • BPO: advent of it in India

  • E-governance: different initiatives by government

  • National Policy on IT

  • Cloud computing

  • Internet banking

  • E-learning

  • National Knowledge Network


  • NIC

  • Robotics 

6. Space 

  • Brief history of space technology in India

  • How a satellite works?

  • Different parts of satellites in brief

  • ISRO

  • Different Centres of ISRO

  • Launch vehicle types

  • Propulsion systems

  • Cryogenic rockets

  • Reusable technology

  • Different satellite orbits as GTO, LEO,MEO, GEO 

  • International space station

  • New space station launched by China

  • VSAT

  • Telemedicine

  • INSAT and its applications

  • Examples of some latest INSAT satellites

  • Remote Sensing Satellites and its applications

  • Examples of some latest Remote sensing Satellites

  • New launches 

  • Future programmes of India

  • Tele education

  • DTH

  • International collaborations

  • Space as a source of mass social dev

  • Environmental effects of satellites

  • Some space programmes of other countries as JUNO, KEPLAR, CHANGE 2 etc

7. Biotechnology

  • What are genes?

  • What is biotechnology?

  • Its branches

  • Bio fingerprinting

  • Bio sensors

  • Genetic engineering

  • Recombinant technology

  • Gene mutation

  • Human genome project

  • Gene sequence of arhar, neem etc

  • Bio piracy

  • Bio-grid

  • Bt cotton

  • Bt Brinjal and controversy

  • Cloning

  • Stem cells

  • Applications in agriculture, industry, food, health etc.

  • Institutional structure for dev of biotechnology in India

  • Initiatives by government for the dev of biotechnology

  • Mission mode programmes

  • Bioinformatics

  • International collaborations

  • Latest achievements

  • Intellectual Property Rights issues related to Biotechnology such as bio-piracy, patents of seeds, medicines, etc.

8. Achievements of Indians in science & technology

There is a long list of scientists but some main personalities are listed below:

  • J.C Bose

  • Srinivasa Ramanujan

  • Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman

  • Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar

  • Homi Jehangir Bhabha

  • Vikram Sarabhai

  • A.P.J Abdul Kalam

  • Prof. Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis



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