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Previous year questions on Polity
Feb 03, 2014

Generally for the UPSC exams, students think Polity is synonym to Constitution. Thus, while preparing for the prelims or mains, they mainly focus on the Constitution part. But it is the biggest MYTH. From the past few years UPSC pattern has tremendously changed and it has increased its scope. Now the Polity sector in the papers include: Constitution, Governance issues, E-governance, Citizen Charter, Ombudsman, etc. The changed pattern can be easily analysed from the past year questions.

2013...

1. The role of individual MPs (Members of Parliament) has diminished over the years and as a result healthy constructive debates on policy issues are not usually witnessed. How far can this be attributed to the anti-defection law, which was legislated but with a different intention?

2. 
Recent directives from Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas are perceived by the 'Nagas' as a threat to override the exceptional status enjoyed by the State. Discuss in light of Article 371A of the Indian Constitution.

3. The Supreme Court of India keeps a check on arbitrary power of the Parliament in amending the Constitution. Discuss critically.

4. Constitutional mechanisms to resolve the inter-state water disputes have failed to address and solve the problems. Is the failure due to structural or process inadequacy or both? Discuss.

2012...

5.  "There is an urgent need for the Planning Commission to revise the chapter on health in the 12th Plan document." Comment. (15 marks)

6. The Union Cabinet recently cleared the proposal to rename and amend the Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986. What are the salient features of the proposed amendments ? (15 marks)

7. What is the 'Parivarik Mahila Lok Adalat'? (5 marks)

8. What are the rights within the ambit of Article 21 of the Indian Constitution? (5 marks)

9. Comment on the significance of the Preamble contained in the Right to Information Act. (5 marks)

10. Determining the 'value' assigned to the vote of a Member of a State Legislative Assembly and of a Member of Parliament in the Indian Presidential elections.(2 marks)

2011...

11. 'Essentially all that is contained in part IV-A of the Constitution is just a codification of tasks integral to the Indian way of life.' Critically examine this statement. (20 marks)

12. ‘The exercise of executive clemency is not a privilege but is based on several principles, and discretion has to be exercised in public considerations.’ Analyse this statements in the context of the judicial powers of the President of India. (20 marks)

13. Distinction between ‘Department Related Parliamentary Standing Committees’ and ‘Parliamentary Forums’. (12 marks)

2010...

14. Bring out the powers and responsibilities attached to the office of the Speaker of the Lok Sabha. (12 marks)

15. What are the grounds of disqualification of a Member of Parliament from either House? Quote relevant provisions in your answer. ( 12 marks)

16. Legislative powers assigned to the Rajya Sabha under Art. 249 and Art. 312 of the Constitution (5 marks)

17. How is disagreement between the Legislative Council and the Legislative Assembly of a State in passing of an ordinary Bill, resolved? (5 marks)

18. Section 377 of IPC (3 marks)

2009...

19. Are the traditional determinants of voting behaviour in India Changing? Examine in the context of the last General Elections.(15 marks)

20. In the changing context of governance in the country, what should be the role of the UPSC? (15 marks)

21. Significance of 26th November in the country's polity (2 marks)

22. Pocket Veto (2 marks)

23. PESA, 1996 (2 marks)


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