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Q. Performance of IISc: In the backdrop of success of IISc in getting top rank, comment on issues in the higher education system of India.
Mar 15, 2017 Related to : GS Paper-2

Ans :

Introduction-

The Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore, ranked eighth in the Times Higher Education Ranking of world’s top universities. The IISc has made proud for Indian education sector, as this is the first time an Indian university has featured in the list of top 10 universities of the world. According to Times ranking, the IISc the 100 year old institution has been for several years now ranked among the top 250 institutions.

Analysis-

  • IISc, a public university for scientific research and higher education, was established in 1909 with active support from Jamsetji Tata and Sir Krishnaraja Wodeyar IV, the Maharaja of Mysore. 
  • In 2015-16 it became the first Indian institute to be ranked among the top 100 in THE World University Rankings for engineering and technology at 99th position.
  • According to Times ranking for 2017, no Indian university other than IISc has managed to grab any position under the top 20 ranking. Last year, there were two institutions in the top 20, though none were in top 10. 
  • Though it is moment of celebration IISc particular, but not for the Indian higher education sector in general, as no other university managed to grab top positions. 

Issues-

  • The core purpose of higher education institutions and universities is to create knowledge and value with cutting edge research in science, technology, engineering, medicine etc.
  • Indian institutions have typically concentrated on teaching, particularly at the undergraduate level. Academia has not yet developed to demand research, also lacks in interaction with industry or policymaking.
  • India’s higher education institutions need to change according to demand of time in the globalised world, from degree-doling units to knowledge creators, and this will require policy support.

Conclusion-

The increasingly globalised and now automated world requires a reorientation of the education system. The IISc provides one model of making this transition with a modicum of success. Policymakers and regulators need to learn from the success IISc and needs to develop a blueprint that can be replicated, scaled up and innovated across the country. 


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