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Q. Heart of Asia summit: Comment on recently concluded Heart of Asia summit.
Dec 07, 2016 Related to : GS Paper-2

Ans :

Introduction-

Recently Heart of Asia summit held in Amritsar, India and discussed wide range of issues including terror issues. The aim of the summit is to extent coordination between Afghanistan and its neighbours and regional partners in facing common threats, including counterterrorism, counternarcotics, poverty, and extremism.

The Heart of Asia-


The Heart of Asia (Istanbul Process) was established to provide a platform to discuss regional issues, particularly encouraging security, political, and economic cooperation among Afghanistan and its neighbours. It includes 14 nations. 

Recent meet and analysis-

  • In Heart of Asia summit, India and Afghanistan have agreed enhancing military assistance and curbing terror emanating from Pakistan.  The summit has issued stringent declaration against cross-border terrorism and sanctuaries for terror groups. 
  • In contemporary times, the region’s biggest challenge of terrorism; some of the far-reaching battles against al-Qaeda, Islamic State, etc. will be decided on the battlegrounds of Afghanistan. 
  • Form India’s point of view, putting terror centre stage at the Heart of Asia declaration in Amritsar was thus timely and necessary. India and Afhaganistan focussed their concerns on cross-border terrorism emanating from Pakistan.
  • Similarly the progress and development in Afghanistan are meaningless and unsustainable without peace, and peace is contingent on Pakistan ending support to terror groups such the Haqqani network and Lashkar-e-Taiba. 
  • Lack of engagement with Pakistan in the short term, yield some pressure on Pakistan’s leadership to act, as it did briefly after the Pathankot attack. But in the long run it may deplete the two countries of their limited leverage as Pakistan’s neighbours. 

Conclusion-

India and Afghanistan are facing the problem of Pakistan sponsored terrorism. In this background recent summit of Heart of Asia is important as it discussed various aspect of terrorism. Lack of engagement with Pakistan will not yield any result, hence both countries needs to engage with Pakistan in curbing cross border terrorism. 


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