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बेसिक इंग्लिश का दूसरा सत्र (कक्षा प्रारंभ : 22 अक्तूबर, शाम 3:30 से 5:30)
Q. Solutions to Delhi smog: Discuss the issues and solutions to Delhi’s crippling pollution crisis.
Nov 08, 2016 Related to : GS Paper-3

Ans :

Introduction-

In a last week national capital Delhi has witnessed heavy pollution crisis due to various reasons, mainly from the burning of agricultural wastes. It has been reported that air pollution levels remained alarmingly high, with a blanket of smog enveloping the city all way. It has posed serious threat on human lives in and around the national capital, hence it needs to be addressed with serious approach.

Analysis-

  • Farmers stop burning crop waste in the neighbouring states and problems created by urbanisation are considered as main causes for increased air pollution in national capital.
  • Similarly the air quality in Delhi and other northern cities is under severe stress also owing to factors linked to urbanisation
  • Hence the central and the concerned state governments need to adopt a two-pronged approach, i.e. to make policy changes in helping farmers to stop burning crop waste and also to tackle problems created by urbanisation.
  • Every measure to curb the release of pollutants is important since the weather pattern in the post-monsoon months causes smog to persist and creates huge pollution.
  • There has to be strong political will to implement a time-bound programme that will stop the burning of crop residues as well as to tackle the problems of urbanisation.

Solutions-

  • Governments must come up with policies in helping disposal of agricultural wastes. 
  • Government must come up with policies like converting paddy straw into livestock feed, compost, raw material for power generation, biofuel production etc.
  • State government’s support is vital for straw to be used as fodder, and farmers should be assisted with supplemental stocks of urea and molasses, green fodder and legume waste.   
  • Smoke-generating brick kilns around the national capital need to be cleaned up through a state-guided modernisation programme, since they become active during the period when the weather is unhelpful. 
  • It is also equally important to pave all roads well to curb dust, and show zero tolerance to civic agencies leaving exposed mud after executing projects.
  • Government should take other various kinds of initiatives like developing modern public transport facilities, encouraging to use public modes of transport etc, which will helps in curbing pollution.

Conclusion-

The pollution level at Delhi is alarmingly high, and it has huge negative impact on human lives. These issues must be addressed with multipronged approaches by both state and central governments. Currently Delhi needs a sustained pollution control strategy to keep life normal throughout the year.


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