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Q. Unprepared education status: Comment on unprepared status of India’s for its growing population.
Jan 05, 2017 Related to : GS Paper-2 and 3

Ans :

Introduction-

Various surveys have reported the by 2020 will have 869 million working population, which will be highest in the world. But according recent report by Indiaspend, an analysis of indicators on literacy, school enrolment, learning outcomes, and education spending across four states with 43.6% of India’s school-age population between the ages of five and 14, has revealed that India is unprepared to educate and train its young population.

Education status in India-

  • According to Census data 2011, India’s total literacy rate has increased 8.66% points to 74.04%, between 2001 and 2011. 
  • Though we have witnessed some rise in literacy, but wide variations exists across states.
  • Kerala has highest literacy rate of 94%, but some states like Bihar, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh have lower literacy rate than national average. 
  • Currently India lacks behind in achieving its global educational commitments, as it promised in sustainable development goals.    

Issues-

  • The quality of learning is a major issue and children are not achieving class-appropriate learning levels.
  • Accountability from teachers end is lacking in India, as per some report teacher attendance is just 85% in primary and middle schools.
  • Still various schools in India lacks in basic infrastructural facilities like appropriate building, toilet, learning instruments etc.

Suggestions-

  • India could be half a century late in achieving its global education commitments and the country needs fundamental changes in the education system.
  • Improving learning will require attention to many things, like increasing teacher accountability, required infrastructure and manpower, quality assessment system etc. 
  • The general management system needs to be improved particularly in public schools in India.
  • India should use more of technology it helps to improve teacher training and classroom learning ability of students. 

Conclusion-

India’s economy is one of the fastest growing in the world, but on social development India’s growth is far low than the expectation. Various reports have reflected India’s low education status, it needs to be addressed. By 2020, India will have largest working population in crowd, hence to utilise this manpower, education system in India needs to be improved urgently.    


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