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mains Test Series 2018
Q. USA's Scepticism in climate change actions: Comment on USA's possible deviation from its earlier commitment on climate change.
Jan 27, 2017 Related to : GS Paper-3

Ans :

Introduction-

The new government in USA has several times expressed it scepticism on action plans of climate change it has adverse impact actions plans to address the global warming issues. 

Issues-

  • The new government has instructed its Environmental Protection Agency to follow suit and scrub all mention of climate change from its website as well.
  • The president has once called meet on climate change as an expensive hoax and he wants to re-energise the fossil-fuel industry.
  • The America’s Energy Plan listed on the White House website aims to increase fossil fuel extraction in the name of creating more jobs. 
  • Many observers expressed that America may reverse its involvement from the historic Paris Climate accord, which has been signed by 195 countries, aimed to limit the global temperature. 


Impact-

  • America is one of the leading carbon emitter among the globe. Earlier it has promised to reduce green house gas emissions. But the actions of new government may not oblige these commitments.
  • With the average global temperature already reaching 0.8°C above pre-industrial levels, there are fears that further delay will have long-term repercussions that would be near impossible to mitigate. 
  • With the current and proposed policies by the USA administration is already inadequate to meet the Paris target, but any negative deviation from its prior commitment will have implications for the entire world. 


Conclusion-

Climate change is one of the biggest issue that whole world is facing today. The USA, one of the biggest carbon emitter has made commitment to reduce its carbon emissions. But new government has different view on it and it may deviate from its earlier commitments. Any deviations have multi-fold impact on entire world.


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