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बेसिक इंग्लिश का दूसरा सत्र (कक्षा प्रारंभ : 22 अक्तूबर, शाम 3:30 से 5:30)
Q. UNICEF report on refugee and migrant children: Comment on recently released UNICEF report about growing crisis for refugee and migrant children.
Sep 13, 2016 Related to : GS Paper-2

Ans :

Introduction-

The United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF) is a UN’s program that provides humanitarian and developmental assistance to children and mothers in developing countries. Recently UNICEF has released its report on refugee and migrant children. The report titled as Uprooted: The Growing Crisis for Refugee and Migrant Children, found that nearly half of all refugee are children.

Key findings of report-

  • According to report, children represent a disproportionate and growing proportion of those who have sought refuge outside their countries of birth.
  • They make up about a third of the global population but about half of all refugees. In 2015 around 45% of all child refugees under UNHCR’s protection came from Syria and Afghanistan.
  • 28 million children have been driven from their homes by violence and conflict within and across borders, including 10 million child refugees, 1 million asylum-seekers whose refugee status has not yet been determined.
  • According to its estimation, 17 million children displaced within their own countries, children in dire need of humanitarian assistance and access to critical services.
  • More and more children are crossing borders on their own. About 20 million other international child migrants have left their homes for a variety of reasons including extreme poverty or gang violence.

Analysis-

  • According to the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the ratio of displacement of adults is much smaller than the children. Adult displacement ration is less than one in 20, it revels the starkness of the situation. The UNHCR says that in the decade ending 2015, the number of child refugees almost doubled.
  • Last year, Syria and Afghanistan alone accounted for nearly half the world’s child refugees, highlighting the brutal impact of the war on a segment of society that had little to do with the conflict directly or otherwise and is the most vulnerable.
  • Against this backdrop, the dramatic rise in school enrolment under a global universal primary education drive, or the halving of infant mortality rates under the Millennium Development Goals seems unrealistic.
  • The shocking reality of trafficking in boys and girls, conscription by armed groups in conflict zones and exploitation in the sex trade has overshadowed these advances, portending both immediate and long-term danger to whole generations.

Suggestions-

  • Governments across the world should address the root causes of conflict, violence and extreme poverty, and instead divert scarce resources to fulfil more fundamental necessities of life.
  • Similarly growth of terror has made various refuges, hence all states must join hands to eliminate terror organisations by delineating their political antecedents.
  • The idea to dispense with the detention of children seeking refugee status and to do away with reporting requirements, potentially benefiting 11 million, is a more pragmatic solution.

Conclusion-

UNICEF report says that conflict and poverty have uprooted nearly 50 million children. Children are worst affected due to growth of terrorism. Hence the issue should be addressed with sympathetic view and humanitarian imperatives. Governments across the world, particularly of conflict regions needs to adopt sweeping changes in its policies and action and they should adopt global policy and practice to safeguard the interest of children.


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