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बेसिक इंग्लिश का दूसरा सत्र (कक्षा प्रारंभ : 22 अक्तूबर, शाम 3:30 से 5:30)
Q. UN resolution on Israel: Comment on US resolution against Israel for constructing settlements in occupied territory of Palestine.
Dec 26, 2016 Related to : GS Paper-2

Ans :

Introduction-

Recently United Nation’s Security Council has passed a resolution urging Israel to halt its illegal settlements programme in the occupied Palestinian territories. The 15-nations Security Council adopted resolution against Israel by a 14 vote in favour and with 1 abstention by USA.

Issue-

  • Israel is building settlements in occupied territory is one of the core issues in the conflict.  It is considered as Illegal under international law, these settlements are built on confiscated or stolen Palestinian land.
  • Many observers calls these settlements are illegal Jewish-only communities built by Israel for its citizens on territories it occupied in 1967. According to some report there are 124 official settlements in the West Bank with approximately 350,000 residents in 2013.

Analysis-

  • The establishment of settlements by an occupying power in occupied territory violates international humanitarian law which is the body of law governing situations of armed conflict and military occupation.
  • Both Geneva Convention and The Hague convention explicitly prohibits an occupying power transferring land to its citizen or making any changes. 
  • Recent vote against Israel is notable because Israel’s pre-eminent backer the United State of America has choose to remain absent. In 2011 similar resolution against Israel was vetoed by USA. 
  • UNSC resolution is not binding and comes only with recommendations, hence it does not affect the status quo in the occupied territories.  Though it does not affect ongoing process, but it was considered as diplomatic blow to Israel. 
  • Israel has refused to comply with UNSC resolutions and it has warned that it will reassess ties with United Nations and also threatened to stop funding UN organisations which are hostile to Israel.
  • Now matter is before international community. They should convince the Israel government to stop constructing of illegal settlements.    

Conclusion-

Since long time Israel is building settlements in occupied territory of Palestine. Till now USA extended unrelenting support to Israel on all matters. By absenting from voting USA has changed its approach towards Israel.  Now international community should join hands and must convince Israel over illegal settlement.


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