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Q. UN conference on climate change in Marrakech: Comment on recent United Nations conference on climate change held in Marrakech.
Nov 21, 2016 Related to : GS Paper-3

Ans :

 Introduction-

Recently United Nations 22nd conference of parties on climate change was held in the imperial city of Marrakech (Morocco).  All participants emphasized on raising the commitment of all countries to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The conference gained significance as it provided an opportunity to communicate concerns about the future climate policy of developing countries like USA.

Important aspects of Marrakech conference-
 
  • It emphasised that, the world needs all countries to work together to close the gap between their intended reduction of carbon emissions and what needs to be done to keep the rise of the global average temperature well below 2°C in this century.
  • The conference agreed that man-made climate change does have a scientific basis, that the developed countries are responsible for accumulated emissions, and that future action should focus on shifting all nations to a clean energy path.
  • Similarly effort was made to progress on raising the $100 billion a year that is intended to help the poorer nations. 
Analysis-
  • Marrakech treaty has made some headway in the United Nations effort to reduce the emissions of green house gasses and also it will carry forward the process of realisation of Paris agreement.
  • In the effort, developed countries needs to do a lot of efforts as they are main responsible for the present condition. Similarly developing countries are facing twin challenges of growing its economy to meet the development aspirations of a large population, and cutting emissions.
  • At present, the pledges made so far on climate are well short of this target, and even if they are all implemented, a minimum rise of 2.9°C is forecast by the UN Environment Programme.
  • The UN Framework Convention on Climate Change will hear from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change in 2018 on what impact an additional warming of 1.5°C could have on the planet and what can be done to ensure it is pegged at this level.
  • The vulnerable countries such as island states and Bangladesh are demanding action to cut emissions. Hence there is a immediate need of a strategy that involves all State governments and need to strengthen the case for international funding, and spur domestic action.
Conclusion-

Since long time United Nation is undertaking efforts by coordination all the countries to combat the menace of climate change. The efforts have not yielded the desired result. Recently through Paris agreement as well as in Marrakech conference countries have agreed on various aspects of the efforts to combat climate change. Marrakech conference have made some headway in this direction.


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