Study Material | Test Series
Drishti IAS
call1800-121-6260 / 011-47532596
Drishti The Vision Foundation
(A unit of VDK Eduventures Pvt. Ltd.)
prelims Test Series 2019
बेसिक इंग्लिश का दूसरा सत्र (कक्षा प्रारंभ : 22 अक्तूबर, शाम 3:30 से 5:30)
Q. The new UN chief Antonio Guterres: Discuss the important challenges before new secretary-general of United Nations.
Oct 10, 2016 Related to : GS Paper-2

Ans :

Introduction-

Recently United Nations Security Council has built broad consensus in nominating ex-Prime Minister of Portugal as new secretary-general of United Nations. Currently the post was held by Ban Ki-moon of South Korea.  Last week, 13 of the 15 members of the Council, including the five veto-wielding permanent members, sent the name of the Antonio Guterres. Now it is pending before general assembly for adoption.

Antonio Guterres and UN-

  • As UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), he focussed on rehabilitation process for refugees from Syria.
  • Similarly he is known for organisational reform and innovation by taking funding out of the headquarters and pushing more money out to the field.
  • He has frequently appealed to the international community over the migrant crisis and has vowed to continue being their spokesman.

Challenges before Antonio Guterres as UN chief-

  • As a secretary-general of United Nations, Mr. Guterres first challenge is to expediently attend to a number of pressing issues like the worsening international refugee crisis, the scourge of terrorism, both in part linked to the debilitating Syrian war.
  • Similarly another challenging job is to find creative ways to bridge the chasm between Western powers on the one hand and Russia and China on the other.
  • Being a very vocal activist for refugee crisis, he may face issues while brokering peace deal in Syria both from western as well as eastern powers.
  • The UN is frequently accused of being bloated and bureaucratic, and it has come under fire over allegations of sexual abuse by its peacekeepers in the Central African Republic. He has change this perception against UN.
  • The last but important challenge before him is, long due demand of reforms in UN’s Security Council. Many emerging nations like India eying on permanent seat, hence he has to bring consensus to extent permanent seats to other emerging nations.

Conclusion-

Mr. Antonio Guterres enjoys the reputation as an instinctive strategist and his experience with UN in key political posts will be advantage in favour of him in soving various challenges he need to deal as a new UN chief. His association with UN come in handy while negotiating on various issues of UN and he may address these issues effectively.


Helpline Number : 87501 87501
To Subscribe Newsletter and Get Updates.