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Q. Telangana reservation quota: Comment of the issue of recently hiked reservation quota in Telangana.
Apr 17, 2017 Related to : GS Paper-2

Ans :

Introduction-

Recently the government of Telangana has raised quotas in government jobs and admission to higher education for scheduled tribes and Muslims. It has hiked reservation quota for Muslims for 4% to 12% and reservation for scheduled tribes from 6% to 10%. With this, the Telangana governments has hiked total 12% reservation quota, which is above 12% of limit defined by the Supreme Court.

Impact and analysis- 

  • Though the action of Talangana government intended to lift poor people from Muslim and Schedules tribes, but bypassing the 50% limit for reservation defined the Supreme Court is violation of apex court order.
  • In recent times we have witnessed various agitations for reservation in different parts of the country, for ex. Gujjar agitation, Jat agitation etc. In this backdrop the move of Telangana government will renew reservation agitations in various parts of the country.
  • The politics of quotas and of mobilising people in the name of caste and community ill serves the nation. The only purpose served would be to signal political commitment to the sectional interests of those demanding quotas, alienating other sections in the process. 
  • At a time when India was a poor country and lacked the resources to invest enough in education, it made sense to provide for some assured representation of traditionally deprived sections through the system of quota. 
  • At the time of independence, quotas were considered as good form of affirmative action, but today it is considered as failure, as haven’t served its purpose effectively, because they do not incentivise the pursuit of excellence and they reinforce perceptions of backwardness.

What can be done-?

  • Instead of present form of reservation policy, the government could design better policies to achieve the goal pursued via quotas. It should proactively ensure that no one is deprived of quality education. 
  • Now, India being a middle-income economy and can afford to spend enough money to meet the aspiration of anyone who seeks higher education and has the minimum revealed aptitude for it. Hence it should prioritise importance social infrastructures and it should also eliminate wasteful expenditure.
  • By providing social and economic infrastructures, the government should lift the people of lower strata and make them at par with people of higher strata, mere reservation without improving their condition in reality won’t serve the real purpose.

Conclusion-

Providing reservation for economically and socially backward people is well intended, but in India it failed to reach those needy sections effectively. It has been misused by wealthier sections and deprived to real needy people. In India it has been politicised this use for gaining political mileage. In this background, government should bring overall reforms to improve each and every aspect of poor and needy people.


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