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बेसिक इंग्लिश का दूसरा सत्र (कक्षा प्रारंभ : 22 अक्तूबर, शाम 3:30 से 5:30)
Q. Supreme Court on air pollution in Delhi: Comment on apex court ruling on ban of diesel run taxis in Delhi.
May 07, 2016 Related to : GS Paper-3

Ans :

Introduction-

According to the database of World Health Organisation, Delhi is most polluted city among the major cities of the world. Air pollution in Delhi is on continuous rise since last several years and causing serious threat to inhabitants including the flora and fauna of the city.

Supreme Court ruling on air pollution-

  • To contain the growing air pollution, Supreme Court of India has banned diesel-run taxis in Delhi applicable from May 1st.  Earlier it banned SUV’s with 2000cc power and also banned the entry of large commercial vehicles such as trucks into Delhi and imposed a cess.

  • Earlier apex court has given timeline for private taxi operators in NCR to switch to CNG from diesel. But due to various constraints like availability of money, CNG kit in large number etc, they were failed to convert to CNG model.

  • The recent ruling though has good intent, but its immediate implementation has lead to criticism from various sectors of society and instead they were demanding for banning diesel taxis in a phased manner.

  • Similarly Delhi government has implemented Supreme Court observation of odd-even scheme twice to contain air pollution in Delhi.

Consequences and analysis of ban-

  • Ban will affect livelihood of large number of taxi operators, who are not in capacity to convert immediately their diesel run car into CNG model.

  • It will affect the various industries particularly to the BPO industry, because more than 2 lack BPO employees travel to office through these cabs.

  • Though Delhi has good metro connectivity, but other public transport facilities are not equipped to manage such a large number of commuters due to this ban. Hence it also affects large number of commuters.

  • Also diesel accounts a small part as factor responsible for high air pollution and hence banning diesel cars hardly reduce the pollution. Construction dust, industrial emission, open-air choolahs, agricultural waste in neighbouring states etc constitute a major part of pollution.

  • Hence instead of looking for quick-fire solutions like immediate ban of diesel taxis, odd-even scheme, the emphasis should be given on a comprehensive roadmap to improve the air quality in Delhi.

Suggestions-

  • Central and Delhi government should prepare a comprehensive roadmap to ease the pollution levels in Delhi.  They should build state of the art public transport system (in lines with Delhi metro).

  • Authorities should encourage and promote CNG run vehicles and discourage diesel run vehicles by imposing high taxes.

  • Also they should organise mass public awareness campaign about impacts of growing air pollution and encourage them to utilise public transport system.

  • Government should start phasing out old commercial vehicles and diesel run taxis and should develop alternative to these models.

Conclusion-

Even after several years of intence public debate over Delhi’s worsening air quality, there no concrete measures has been planned and implemented in this direction. Every time governments adopted short term measures. Hence time instead of short term measures like such ban, government should come with long lasting measures and should effectively work out to improve air quality in Delhi.


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