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बेसिक इंग्लिश का दूसरा सत्र (कक्षा प्रारंभ : 22 अक्तूबर, शाम 3:30 से 5:30)
Q. Solid Waste Management Rules, 2016: Will new rules address the issues of solid waste management?
Apr 09, 2016 Related to : GS Paper 2 and 3

Ans :

Introduction-

Recently Environment Ministry has notified new solid waste management rules. These rules will replace the Municipal Solid Wastes (Management and Handling) Rules, 2000, which have been in place for the past 16 years. The new rules has expanded the ambit beyond municipal areas to include urban agglomerations, notified industrial townships, areas under Indian Railways, airports, ports and harbours, defence establishments, special economic zones etc.

Solid waste management in India-

At present 62 million tonnes of waste is generated in the country, which is expected to go up to about 165 million tonnes by 2030.  But only about 75-80% of the municipal waste gets collected and only 22-28 % of this waste is processed and treated. Hence solid waste management is a major problem across India as untreated waste disposed in the open has led to water pollution and clogged sewer systems.

Will new rules address this problem?

  • In new rules the source segregation of waste has been mandated to channelize the waste to wealth by recovery, reuse and recycle. Every waste generator shall segregate and store the waste generated by them into three separate stems: Wet, Dry and Hazardous Waste.

  • It aims to integrate waste pickers and waste dealers in the formal system with the help of State Governments, and Self Help Group, or any other group to be formed.

  • The new rules have given power to the local bodies across India to decide the user fees. Municipal authorities will levy user fees for collection, disposal and processing from bulk generators.

  • It mandates all manufacturers, brand owners or marketing companies of sanitary napkin should educate the masses about wrapping and disposing of their products.Now burning of solid wastes and biomass is a crime and will be dealt with severely under the Environment Protection Act.

  • New rules have many other provisions to deal with solid waste management. If these rules implemented seriously then definitely it will address the problem of solid waste management.

Issues- 

  • The Centre and the State governments have not so far taken the existing rules seriously.

  • Only less than a 30% of the collected waste is being processed.

  • Even where environmentally conscious citizens segregate at source, the chain of management dumps it all in landfills.

Conclusion-

It the sixth category of waste management rules brought by government, as it has earlier notified plastic, e-waste, biomedical, hazardous and construction and demolition waste management rules. It shows the government’s commitment towards environment protection in general and solid waste management in particular. A productive start to containing the problem could be made if urban governments show the political will to rein in bulk generators of municipal solid waste. If we succeeds in separating ‘wet’ waste from the rest and produce good compost, which could transform cities and towns into clean and green havens filled with trees, gardens, lakes and rivers. It would also salvage millions of tonnes of recyclable plastic, precious metals and other materials.


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