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बेसिक इंग्लिश का दूसरा सत्र (कक्षा प्रारंभ : 22 अक्तूबर, शाम 3:30 से 5:30)
Q. Severe heat waves: Discuss the issues related to extreme weather conditions.
Jun 05, 2017 Related to : GS Paper-3

Ans :


According to the data of Indian Meteorological Department (IMD), more than 1,600 people died due to extreme weather conditions across India last year. Among the above 1600, the 40% of deaths were happened due to the severe heat waves. Bihar, Gujarat and Maharashtra registered the highest number (35% of the total) of fatalities.

Issues and Analysis- 

  • According to IMD the year 2016 was the warmest year ever recorded, globally as well as in India. In case of severe heat waves, the concerned departments/ministries have not even seen it fit to declare a heat wave as a national calamity though a cold snap is. 
  • Many of those who die due to extreme weather are construction workers, migrants and the homeless. If a national calamity is declared, a lot of measures can be undertaken, which could help people withstand the weather conditions. 
  • Extreme weather affects the productivity of human beings, but most cities or for that matter employers make little or no provision for them. The pure workers face huge hardship in such conditions. 


  • Both government as well as employers come forward and make the necessary arrangement of safe and well equipped shelters, drinking water and medical attention.
  • We have a national disaster management policy in place to deal with other extreme weather phenomenon like floods. It can be utilised effectively in case of severe heat waves also.
  • In the case of heat waves, a cost effective method is to provide people with oral rehydration kits and some sort of safe shelter.


Severe heat wave is also huge disaster like floods, earthquakes and it has taken huge toll last year in India. Hence like other disastrous condition, government should also plan action policy to deal with heat waves and make people better equipped to deal with such conditions.

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