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बेसिक इंग्लिश का दूसरा सत्र (कक्षा प्रारंभ : 22 अक्तूबर, शाम 3:30 से 5:30)
Q. Regulation of drones: Discuss the recently released draft regulations for private operations of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) i.e drones.
May 11, 2016 Related to : GS Paper-3

Ans :

Introduction-

Drones are also known as unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) is essentially a flying robot. It can be remotely controlled or can fly autonomously through software-controlled flight plans in their embedded systems working in conjunction with GPS.

Drones are used in-

  • General surveys and mapping.
  • In damage assessment and rescue operations after disasters.

  • For monitoring of power lines, ports, and pipelines etc.

  • In recreational activities, surveillance, traffic monitoring, commercial photography, crop spraying, gathering of weather data, etc

Draft regulation-

The UAV industry in India is thriving. Large numbers of safety and security concerns are centred on the proliferation of high-technology segment drones. Hence regulation of drones was long overdue, in this background the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) has recently issued draft regulations.

Key features of draft regulations-

  • The privately owned UAVs should have a Unique Identification Number and UAVs must be equipped with Radio Frequency Identity tags and Subscriber Identification Modules.

  • Drones operating in India must be owned by Indian citizen or an Indian-registered body with substantial ownership and control vested to Indian nationals.

  • The operator of drone must be over 18 years old and must be issued a permit for flying above 200 feet from ground level.

  • Drones must satisfy all the safety norms and should carry appropriate insurance to cover liability.

  • Micro drones must not be flown except through visual line of sight.

  • UAVs should not be used in controlled airspace reserved for the Air Traffic Control of manned aircraft.

Analysis-

  • Regulation of the privately operated drones is most necessary, in this background these regulations help in meeting the safety and security issues caused by drones.

  • But enforcement of these regulations is very difficult because multiple types of drones are already available in the market.

  • Even any layman with bit knowledge of drones can assemble and program a working drone by putting together cheap off-the-shelf components.

  • As there are additional regulation do exists, it may cause delay or difficulties in getting permissions. In that case people may violate or ignore these regulations.

Conclusion-

Though regulating the drones is most needed, but unnecessary over regulation may create various hurdles for drown industries and also very difficult to implement them. The multiple safety, security and privacy concerns due to drones must be addressed in smother way. The regulation should be user friendly so that they can be implemented effectively.


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