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बेसिक इंग्लिश का दूसरा सत्र (कक्षा प्रारंभ : 22 अक्तूबर, शाम 3:30 से 5:30)
Q. Recommendations to tackle shortage of Pulses: Comment on recommendations of Arvind Subramanian to tackle shortage of pulses.
Sep 19, 2016 Related to : GS Paper-3

Ans :

Introduction-

Pulses play important role in providing much-needed protein to Indians who do not eat meat either because they cannot afford it or for cultural reasons, to jacking up measures of inflation. Domestic production of pulses is normally below the demand of 22 million tonnes and not enough production happens abroad for imports to quite make up the shortage. Recently A committee headed by chief economic adviser Arvind Subramanian has come up with a number of recommendations to tackle the issue of shortage of pulses in India.

Important recommendations-

  • There is need to increase incentives by raising the MSP and it should be backed by very effective procurement system.
  • Minimum support price (MSP) must be increased by at least 20% for major pulses
  • Government should encourage states to delist pulses from Agriculture Produce Markets Committee (APMC) Act to allow farmers to sell their produce to consumers directly.
  • The committee has suggested abolishing of stock limit in case of pulses.
  • The procurement of kharif pulses should be geared up on a war footing to support the farmers.
  • It also suggested need to improve research process to improve yields and adoption of hybrid varieties.

Analysis-

  • Currently India is facing huge shortage of pulses and even import also fell short due to various issues in exporting countries. In this background government is paying more attention to tackle the shortage of pulses.
  • Wide ranging recommendation made by Arvind Subramanian committee that involve direct state action, such as procurement and creation of a buffer stock, state-funded incentives, such as to raise the minimum support price (MSP) etc.
  • These recommendations cover both short term as well as long term measures to tackle this issue. The MSP increase will boost supply in the immediate term and bring down prices.
  • The report recommended for effective procurement system, given that pulse procurement has generally been ineffective in the past. It also suggested methods for it.
  • The ban on export of pulses could be lifted if the government accepts recommendation committee, and it also suggested abolition of stock limit and increase in minimum support prices, these are forward looking recommendations.
  • Though committee has made several recommendations, now ball is in the governments’ court, to what extent it will take this issue seriously and effectively it will implement these measures.

Conclusion-

In the past one year India has faced acute shortage of pulses, which are very important as protein supplier, specifically to those who do not eat meat. Similarly domestic production of pulses is also very low. Hence government should accept the important recommendations made by committee and implement it more effectively to tackle shortage of pulses.


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