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Q. Opportunity of Peace in Syria: In the background of Moscow summit, comment on a chance to establish peace in Syria.
Dec 22, 2016 Related to : GS Paper-2

Ans :

Introduction-

Recently Russia, Turkey and Iran came together to discuss diplomatic solution to the Syrian crisis. Recently Russian diplomat has been assassinated in Turkey, but despite this terror attack on Russian diplomat, these countries decided to go ahead with ongoing Moscow summit.

Background-

  • The last time Russia and the USA reached an agreement, in September 2016, there had been great hope that they could mentor a sustainable ceasefire. But within days of announcing the deal, the American-led coalition killed dozens of Syrian soldiers.
  • Though the USA later regretted the strike, the peace process had been hit. The wider bilateral tensions between Russia and USA were also an impediment to finding a breakthrough in Syria.

Analysis-

  • Moscow summit marks a shift in Russia’s approach, which initially involved negotiations with the United States about possible diplomatic options for Syria, which has been failed at the beginning utself.
  • Ongoing Moscow Summit demonstrates commitment of Russia, Turkey and Iran to stay the course, something that was missing in previous efforts.
  • The current initiative appears to be more promising. Russia and Iran have direct leverage over the regime in Syria, while Turkey still helps several militant groups. 
  • Turkey helped militants not only in supplying Money and arms, but also extended help for communication with militants to the other side.
  • But now Turkey faces severe security challenges, from both Islamic State jihadists and Kurdish militants. 
  • If Syria remains at war and the instability spawns more radical militia groups, it could worsen Turkey’s security problems, while Kurds on the Syrian side could grow in strength. 
  • Russia is following a war and talk approach since its intervention, it will continue to defend the Syrian regime militarily, while looking for avenues to deal with other stakeholders.
  • In this background the recent improvement in relation between Russia and Turkey have enhanced the chances of establishing peace in Syria. 
  • But ongoing process doesn’t mean that peace process is within the reach. Because other countries like Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Jorden which are supporting militants are allies of USA and Hence Russia must take these countries on board to establish peace.

Conclusion-

Ongoing Moscow summit has raised the hope of establishing peace in war torn country Syria. Involvement of Turkey with Russia and Iran is welcome move despite various ups and downs. Now Russia must ensure that other countries which are supporting militants must take onboard to establish peace in Syria.  


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