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mains Test Series 2018
Q. OECD's Education at a Glance 2016 report: Comment on recently released OECD’s Education at Glance 2016 report.
Sep 26, 2016 Related to : GS Paper- 2 and 3

Ans :

Introduction-

Organisation for Economic cooperation and Development (OECD) is an intergovernmental economic organisation with 35 member countries. It has been founded in 1961 to stimulate economic progress and world trade.

OECD report on Education-

Recently OECD has published it report on role current educational attainments for the enhancement of personal well-being and social progress. Report titled as Education at Glance 2016 found that current educational attainments are far from adequate for social progress.

Education at a Glance report is an encyclopedic collection of education-related statistics across 46 countries. The report make for sober reading all round, viewed against data on the many rewards individuals and societies are able to reap when they are endowed with higher qualifications.

Key findings of report-

  • The report found that people with a master’s degree stand a close to 90% wage advantage in the 35 countries of the OECD.
  • Correspondingly, their respective governments receive over a lifetime about 100,000 Euros in taxes and social contributions more than they invest on a graduate.
  • There has been a 4% point increase in the rate of enrolment in tertiary education in the decade ended 2014.
  • In its report OCED found that minimal public investment in education sector.
  • It found that  an 8% rise in real-term spending per child in the five years up to 2013, but most of the i.e about 14% increase is by private expenditure.
  • Private spending by students and households is estimated at some 30% in the tertiary education sector alone.

Analysis-

  • The report has thrown light on educational status of OECD countries with respect to its role in personal well being as well as social progress.
  • It found the progress and investment as very low in OECD countries and that to particularly of public investment.
  • As per report, OECD member countries may not able to realise the 2030 Sustainable Development Goal (SDG-4) pertaining to the provision of quality education.
  • The same kind of concern was raised by UNESCO in its 2016 report.  Hence SDG-4 targets which intended to ensure inclusive and equitable quality education cannot be overstated.
  • Education plays pivotal role in realisation several other important developmental objectives. Indeed, almost the entire success of the 2030 agenda rests squarely on the education target.
  • The objectives of reduction of poverty, alleviation of hunger, expansion of employment, empowerment of women and gender equality are all influenced by the qualifications and skills that men and women possess.
  • Without having an educated and empowered society, the dream of an enlightened, more tolerant and peaceful world would forever remain elusive and abstract.

Conclusion-

The report has raised several questions on education levels in OECD countries. To realise the various developmental objectives like SDGs, these countries must focus on improving the educational qualities and opportunities. Education plays pivotal role in the development of any country. Hence OECD must enhance their investment and bring overhaul changes in the education system.


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