Study Material | Test Series
Drishti IAS
call1800-121-6260 / 011-47532596
Drishti The Vision Foundation
(A unit of VDK Eduventures Pvt. Ltd.)
prelims Test Series 2019
बेसिक इंग्लिश का दूसरा सत्र (कक्षा प्रारंभ : 22 अक्तूबर, शाम 3:30 से 5:30)
Q. New Constitution in Thailand: Discuss the issues related to new constitution of Thailand.
Aug 18, 2016 Related to : GS Paper-2

Ans :

Introduction-

Recently referendum was held in Thailand for the approval of its new constitution by people. According preliminary results people of Thailand have voted to accept military backed constitution. Critics, including Thailand's major political parties, have termed the new constitution as undemocratic and cements the military's hold on democracy in Thailand.

Issues in new constitution-

  • The constitution was designed to ensure the military’s political influence, the content of the new basic law is far from democratic.
  • Under the new constitution, the prime minister is not required to be a lower house member, making it possible for military personnel to assume the post.
  • As a provisional measure in the initial five years, the junta can appoint anyone it wants to the upper house.
  • The most divisive clauses in the constitution calls for a military-appointed senate - including six seats reserved for military commanders - which will act as a check on elected members of parliament.
  • It gives military-appointed senate that will virtually have the power to appoint a Prime Minister of its choice and hold the government to a 20-year development programme.

Analysis-

  • The struggle to define the terms of Thailand’s democracy has been viscerally fought over the past decade and a half, and yet it is far from clear.
  • The contents of the new Constitution as well as the circumstances of the referendum do not encourage the hope that Thailand’s next government will be decided by popular mandate.
  • Since 2001, the party of Thaksin Shinawatra have won a majority in every election, hence the overriding intent of the new Constitution seems to be to prevent power from slipping into the hands of the Shinawatra’s party.
  • The new constitution aims to entrench the power of the military and traditional elite, it will move toward semi-authoritarianism guided by the military.
  • Also it will allow the military to maintain power in future without the need to stage coups. Hence it is termed as undemocratic by many observers.

Conclusion-

The newly approved constitution of Thailand is seen as the legitimization of the military's rule, rather than part of a road back to full democracy. It will allow the military to maintain power in future without the need to stage coups. Such overreaching powers granted to military is purely undemocratic and unviable.


Helpline Number : 87501 87501
To Subscribe Newsletter and Get Updates.