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Q. Need of strong privacy protection law: Discuss the issues and need of strong privacy protection law.
Feb 27, 2017 Related to : GS Paper-2

Ans :

Introduction-

Recently the Unique Identification Authority of India, which issues Aadhaar cards, has registered a complaint regarding making use of stored biometric information for Aadhaar authorisation. This issue has raised concerns over how securely information collected from citizens to build Aadhaar, the unique identity number is stored and used. 

Issue-

  • According to Aadhaar Act (Targeted Delivery of Financial and Other Subsidies, Benefits and Services) the impersonation or intentional copying of Aadhaar data of any individual is a criminal offence. 
  • As per above provision the person who used aadhaar data must brought to investigation, and if found guilty must be punished. 
  • Currently, Aadhaar seeded bank accounts are now used to transfer benefits directly to the beneficiary and people need to share their information. But in the absence of a separate law on privacy raises the chance of Aadhaar being misused.

What can be done-?

  • Security of personal information goes beyond Aadhaar, as judiciary interpreted the privacy is a derivative of fundamental rights. Hence India should not delay an unambiguous law to protect citizen’s privacy.
  • Indian law may be modelled like EU, which ensures that personal data enjoy a high standard of protection across its member states and a citizen has the right to complain and obtain redress if her data are misused anywhere within the EU.
  • Hence Indian residents need a guarantee that their personal data would not fall into the wrong hands and it can be possible only with strong privacy protection law.

Conclusion-

As judiciary interpreted that the privacy is a derivative of fundamental rights, hence infringement of privacy is violation of fundamental rights. Recent issue is case of violation of fundamental rights, hence the state should protect the privacy of individual. For effective protection, there is need of strong privacy protection law, hence government should bring it as early as possible.


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