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Q. Need of scientific flood management: Discuss the need of scientific flood management in India.
Aug 24, 2016 Related to : GS Paper-3

Ans :


Currently due to heavy monsoon rain country is witnessing multiple flooding situations in various places. As per preliminary report about 300 people lost their life and more than six million others have been affected by ongoing flood in the country. India’s vulnerability to severe flooding during the monsoon is spectacularly demonstrated year after year, with the season invariably ending in significant loss of life and property.

Issue of flood in India and need of scientific flood management-

  • According to one research study for the period 1978-2006 based on official data reports that there were 2,443 flood events that led to the death of nearly 45,000 people and caused economic losses of $16 billion.
  • Currently residents of five States are currently struggling to cope with the effects of intense rainfall. Many of those have been rescued by the National Disaster Response Force, but such response systems naturally have limited efficacy in predominantly rural States such as Bihar.
  • The annual cycle of floods is the generally followed by tardy pace of preparation for rescue and relief. Capacity-building to handle catastrophic weather events is very poor.
  • Serious attention is not given to setting up relief camps, creating crisis-proof health infrastructure and stockpiling dry rations and medicines.
  • The collapse of systems in acute conditions is undoubtedly a reflection of the lack of robust regular services that could be upgraded for emergencies. There are cascading outcomes of infections and the absence of care for pregnant women. These challenges require to be met in emergency mode.


  • There is need of an integrated approach to manage floods. For that it inevitable to understand the patterns that rivers such as the Ganga and its tributaries display during the monsoon.
  • Governmental understanding of the problem needs to be relying on advanced techniques such as mapping based on satellite imagery and Geographic Information Systema.
  • A deeper understanding of the areas of most risk is required to create a defensive infrastructure.


The problems due to floods are not new in India the quest for solutions such as dams, relief canals and barrages were tried, but the issue is not yet solved. India has witnessed heavy human as well economic loss due to floods every year. The impoverishing annual losses should lead to a more integrated view of the problem, drawing upon technologies to both mitigate flooding and provide rescue and relief. Hence there is an urgent need to adopt scientific method to solve the issue of flood and its impact.

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