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बेसिक इंग्लिश का दूसरा सत्र (कक्षा प्रारंभ : 22 अक्तूबर, शाम 3:30 से 5:30)
Q. Need of policy reforms in Poultry sector: Discuss the need of policy reforms in Indian poultry sector.
Jul 01, 2017 Related to : GS Paper 2 and 3

Ans :

Issue-

Last year to comply with ruling of World Trade Organisation (WTO), the India Government has lifted the ban on import of frozen chicken legs from the USA. WTO ruled in favour of USA against the import ban imposed by Indian Government. 

Background and Impact-

  • Few years ago India had banned import of frozen chicken legs from the USA, citing avian influenza as an ostensible reason. USA appealed against Indian Government decision in World Trade Organisation, citing it as trade barrier.
  • The WTO was not convinced India’s arguments and has obliged India to spell out clearer conditions for refusing imports on health grounds, so that it does not work as a non-tariff barrier. Finally WTO ruled in favour of USA and to comply WTO order, India lifted ban on import of frozen chicken legs from the USA. 
  • Over 90% of the Indian market prefers live poultry over frozen food, hence prima facie the lifting of the ban is unlikely to destabilise the ₹40,000 crore Indian poultry industry.
  • But the threat factor cannot be dismissed altogether, as imports are likely to be at least 20% cheaper, owing to GM-based corn and soyameal feed used in the USA.

Need of a coherent policy-

  • India’s policies on GM Foods are not clear and have lots of confusions. The Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee has disallowed proposals by major poultries to import GM soyameal from countries such as China, Brazil, Argentina, Malaysia and USA.
  • Rather than go overboard on the impact of chicken leg imports, which are likely to cater to a niche market such as fast-food chains, the Government should end this ambivalence over GM Foods for the sake of all stakeholders.
  • To regulate these industries policy must be crystal clear, and it is possible only through envisaging coherent policies. 
  • To meet the needs of a protein-deficient Indian population, India needs to have a diversified poultry industry, where both large units and community-based efforts co-exist to cater to a diversified consumer base.
  • The domestic poultry sector, currently growing at 7-8% per annum, requires policy support, given the rural and semi-urban millions who earn their livelihood from it.
  • Hence to make Indian poultry industry as distinct brand, there is an urgent need of a coherent policy for India Poultry sector.

Suggestions-

  • To regulate it more effectively, Government should come up with safety standards, such as the time period over which the food is kept frozen.
  • For imported poultry products, Government should develop a procedure for inspection and monitoring of slaughtering/ processing plants before grant of market access. 
  • Government must ensure that exporting countries would have to provide the prescribed certifications to India.
  • Similarly Governments at the centre and states must step up veterinary research in creating new broiler varieties, so that there is gene pool diversity and less reliance on a handful of foreign companies.

Conclusion-

Currently poultry industry inviting flak all over the world for poor hygiene, hence India must ensure an effective regulation on this industry. To meet demand of protein-deficient Indian population, India needs to promote domestic poultry sector. For that there is need of policy support, hence India should prepare coherent policy for poultry sector. 


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