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बेसिक इंग्लिश का दूसरा सत्र (कक्षा प्रारंभ : 22 अक्तूबर, शाम 3:30 से 5:30)
Q. Need-based usage model of fertilisers is required to overcome fertilizer imbalance and its ill impact on farm productivity. Comment.
Apr 01, 2016 Related to : GS Paper-3

Ans :


Imprudent, excessive and inappropriate usage of fertilisers is ruining soil health and which in turn affecting the farm productivity. Lack of awareness among the farmers and government's flawed fertiliser pricing policies are main reasons for indiscreet usage of fertilisers,

Flawed polices and its impact-

  • Prices of urea are under government control and it has been kept low. The other fertilisers were deregulated and their prices have gone up steadily. There is huge price difference between urea and other fertilisers (phosphate. potash), which encourages farmers to use more of cheaper urea than relatively costlier other fertilisers. Due to this Soils in most agriculturally advance regions are losing their productivity.

  • Even Economic Survey for 2015-16 referred this harmful effect. Due to inefficient usage marginal productivity of fertilisers has been fallen since 1970’s. The grain yield per kilogram of applied fertiliser nutrients has declined from 13.4 kg per hectare in 1970 to merely 3.7 kg in the mid-2000s. The steady increase in fertiliser subsidy (is now about 10% farm sector GDP) and sizable part of it goes to urea has further aggravated the imbalance.

  • Of late, the notion that nitrogen (N), phosphate (P) and potash (K) should be used in the proportion of 4:2:1 has been found to be a misconception. Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), in its report stated that the notion of 4:2:1 the norm of 4:2:1 cannot be generalised throughout the country. It applies only to limited areas, notably the intensive wheat and rice growing belt in the north-west. Yet many government’s publications continue to harp on the 4:2:1 formula.


  • Government in its New Urea Policy 2015 has undertaken some reforms-oriented measures like uniform gas pricing for all urea manufactures and mandatory neem-coating of urea. But many of these are aimed at promoting energy efficiency in urea production to reduce the government's subsidy burden. As these do not automatically ensure judicious usage of nutrients, hence there is need of introduction of nutrient-based subsidy system.

  • Soil test-based fertiliser usage will help to overcome the above issues. The soil health cards being issued by the government can come in handy for this purpose and it need proper promotion.


Deregulation of urea may helps balanced and judicious usage of nutrients. Government should rectify the flaws in its policies, and promote need based usage model by promoting soil health card scheme more aggressively.

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