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Q. NEET Ordinance: Comment on the recently promulgated ordinances on implementation of NEET.
May 26, 2016 Related to : GS Paper-2

Ans :

Introduction-

Recently President of India has promulgated two ordinances to amend the Indian Medical Council Act, 1956, and Dentists Act, 1948, respectively to make way for a uniform entrance examination for UG and PG courses, with a stipulation that for the 2016-17 academic session. According to the ordinance, this year the States can opt to conduct their own examinations for UG courses. 

Background-

Earlier Supreme Court ruled that NEET will be the single common entrance test for the admission to medical and dental courses throughout the country. Several State governments raised objection on the apex court order. In this background, President of India has promulgated an ordinance, which is aimed at partially exempting State government seats from the Supreme Court-mandated single all-India entrance exam for a year.

Key features of ordinance- 

  • It gives a firm statutory status to the concept of Uniform Entrance Examination for all UG and PG admissions. 

  • From next academic session (2017-18), there will uniform entrance exam i.e NEET throughout the nation.

  • For this year States can opt to conduct their own examinations for UG courses and for those states, the government seats in both government and private medical colleges will be exempt from the purview of NEET regulations.

  • Ordinance will ensure that students who have already appeared for tests conducted by the states may not have to re-appear for NEET.

  • Exemption of state governments seats are only for UG courses and admission to PG courses will be based on NEET only.

Analysis-

  • Ordinance provides timely relief to lakhs of students, who were in a confusion and anxiety, after the Supreme Court verdict on NEET.

  • As Several State governments objected to NEET, now ordinance will give some time for central government to convince state governments and to prepare the proper ground before the implementation of a common test.

Suggestions-

  • Now central government have to convince state governments that their socio-economic priorities will not be affected by centralised regulation of admissions.

  • Also it needs to address the regional disparities in syllabus and linguistic differences arising out of common entrance test.

Conclusion-

A single national level test will create a national standard for intake into medical and dentistry programmes and it will ensure that every student admitted has the basic aptitude and the knowledge base to become a competent medical professional. A perfect pan-Indian medical admission system needs to be carefully crafted in the present environment. Hence in this direction the ordinances issued by President are first step and now central government should take all the necessary steps to implement NEET universally from next year.

Related article-
http://www.drishtiias.com/editorial-analysis-NEET-issue


 


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