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बेसिक इंग्लिश का दूसरा सत्र (कक्षा प्रारंभ : 22 अक्तूबर, शाम 3:30 से 5:30)
Q. Myanmar's transition into democracy is Reality or Myth? Comment.
Mar 22, 2016 Related to : GS Paper : 2

Ans :

Introduction - 

Recently National League for Democracy leader Htin Kyaw is elected as Myanmar’s first civilian president since 1962 (Note- he is close aide Aung San Suu Kyi, and she has been barred from holding post of President as her children are foreign citizens). Since 1962 Myanmar was directly or indirectly ruled by military either directly or by quasi-civilian government. So election of purely civilian president after more than five decades is welcome sign for democracy in Myanmar. 

Why democratic government was imperative?

During the military rule, junta ran a repressive regime that denied the basic rights to its citizens. Due to its undemocratic and repressive nature it even isolated Myanmar internationally which stagnated its economic growth and resulted into acute poverty. Bringing Myanmar out of poverty is one of the biggest hurdles, for that it need regional as well as global cooperation.  Hence only democratically elected government is imperative.

Hurdles -

Though military agreed to handover political power to civilian government, still it holds enoromous influence. One-fourth of parliamentary seats are reserved for military and hence any amendments to constitution need military support. Also military directly controls the three important ministries: defence Home, Border affairs. Also many recent actions ( like refusing Suu Kyi to become president and making retired general as one the two vice-presidents etc.) of military raised question over complete transition of power.  

Conclusion -

Like all big tasks require time and continued dialogue, the new leadership have to move very cautiously to expedite the process of complete democratic transition. For that continued pressure from its citizen and tactical actions of government towards its military will play important role in framing the future of Myanmar.

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