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Q. Maritime India Summit: In the backdrop of maritime summit, outline the various benefits of development of maritime infrastructure.
Apr 16, 2016 Related to : GS Paper-1, 2 and 3

Ans :

Introduction-

Maritime India Summit is a flagship initiative of the Ministry of Shipping (Government of India), that provides a unique platform for participants to explore potential business opportunities in Indian Maritime Sector.

In news-

Recently Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the first Maritime India Summit in Mumbai. The central government has given increased emphasis to utilise the maritime potential. Government wants to increase port capacity from 1,400 million tonnes to 3,000 million tonnes by 2025 and for that it is planning to mobilise an investment of Rs. 1 lac crore in the port sector.

Background-

India has about 7500 km coastline, and utilisation of this oceanic potential is not up to the mark as it required in the contemporary times. Since long India has been very slow and ad hoc in developing infrastructure to reap the opportunity that it’s maritime provides naturally.

Benifits-


As India enjoys the strategic location on all major shipping highways has great potential to reap economic and strategic benefits. Hence developing the maritime infrastructure will helps in various ways.

  • The ambitious Sagaramala project which intends to promote port-led development will improve the coastal economy, modernise ports and integrate them with special economic zones. It will also create port-based smart cities, industrial parks, warehouses, logistics parks and transport corridors.

  • It makes easy to collaborate with neighbours in building waterways and port infrastructure, which will help both in economic and strategic terms. As it increases our capacity to respond to the challenges in the maritime domain, which intern will yield economic benefits.

  • It will help in containing piracy on the high seas and also extend easy access in humanitarian assistance and disaster relief works.

  • India can act as a net security provider in the broader Indian Ocean region with capacity building, joint exercises and increased multilateral exchanges.

  • It will also helps in securing energy and trade routes to sustain economic growth and keeping a check on increasing forays by other countries into India’s backyard.

  • The maritime agenda will complement the ambitious infrastructure plan for the hinterland which is going on in parallel.

Conclusion-

India has had a glorious maritime history. By developing maritime infrastructure we can shape an even better maritime future. Development of coastline has major impact on overall development of India, hence we must tap this untapped potential.


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