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Q. LEMOA with America: Discuss the recently signed Logistics Exchange Memorandum of Agreement with America.
Sep 01, 2016 Related to : GS paper-3 and 2

Ans :

Introduction-

Recently India has signed Logistics Exchange Memorandum of Agreement (LEMOA) with United States of America. The agreement which comes after more than decades of negotiation is a significant step significant step forward between India and USA relations.

Key features of LEMOA-

  • LEMOA facilitates the provision of logistical support, supplies, and services between the Indian and USA militaries on a reimbursable basis, and provides a framework to govern them.
  • It facilitates support between both countries, and it may include food, water, billeting, transportation, petroleum, oils, lubricants, clothing, medical services, repair and maintenance services etc.
  • The agreement allows for the purchase by establishing a value for the purchase and the terms for payment, which could be replacement-in-kind or an equal-value exchange.

Its significance-

  • The LEMOA agreement that will make the two nations logistical allies and it enables both the militaries to use each other's assets and bases for repair and replenishment of supplies.
  • The Agreement significantly enhances operational capacity of our armed forces, including in response to humanitarian crises or disaster relief.
  • Similarly it would help both countries in building defence ties as they seek to counter the growing maritime assertiveness of China.
  • Indian forces will benefit from easier access to America’s network of military bases around the world. It will also enhance the military’s capability to be an expeditionary force, at a time when Indian interests are distributed around the world.

Conclusion-

LEMOA agreement signed between India and USA is a significant step forward in building military cooperation between both countries. It will enhance India’s capability in various military actions like joint exercise, humanitarian assistance, disaster relief efforts etc. A closer defence ties with America is in the interest of India and it is a important step for India’s onshore and offshore engagements.


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