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राज्य सेवा प्रारम्भिक परीक्षा 2018 मॉडल प्रश्नपत्र MPPSC CGPSC
Q. Kigali agreement: Discuss the Kigali agreement and its importance in global fight against climate change.
Oct 17, 2016 Related to : GS Paper-3

Ans :

Introduction-

Recently more than 170 countries agreed to limit emissions of key climate change-causing pollutants found in air conditioners, which is a significant step in the international effort to keep global warming from reaching catastrophic levels. As the deal reached to an agreement in Kigali, Rwanda, hence it is called as Kigali agreement.

Kigali agreement-

  • The agreement aimed to amend the Montreal Protocol and substantially limit the emission of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) that contribute to global warming represents major progress.
  • Now, countries party to the Kigali agreement will have to follow one of three timetables to peak and then reduce their use of HFCs. Developed countries will need to freeze their HFC production and use in 2019 with immediate reductions to follow immediately after that.
  • Some developing countries, including China, Brazil and more than 100 more, agreed to peak their HFC use in 2024. And other developing countries like India, Gulf countries agreed to freeze use in 2028.

Importance of Kigali agreement-

  • Total HFC emissions are far less contributors of climate change in comparisons to other greenhouse gasses, but HFCs are thousands of times more potent than carbon dioxide on a pound-per-pound basis.
  • Adopting an ambitious amendment to phase down the use and production of HFCs is considered as the one of the most important step in the global fight against climate change.
  • If all signatory countries implemented this agreement effectively, then could on its own prevent a 0.5°C (0.9°F) rise in temperature by 2100. 
  • Many scientists hailed it as an important achievement, which could be crucial to the goal laid out in last year’s Paris Agreement of holding global temperature rise below 2°C by 2100.
  • The Kigali agreement builds on momentum from other international efforts this past year aimed at addressing climate change.

Conclusion-

Kigali agreement on phasing down climate-damaging HFCs is one of the historic step in global fight against climate change. It will play substantial role in holding global temperature rise below 2°C by 2100 as agreed in Paris agreement. Similarly the deal would provide a mechanism for countries like India to access and develop technologies that leave a low carbon footprint.


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