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बेसिक इंग्लिश का दूसरा सत्र (कक्षा प्रारंभ : 22 अक्तूबर, शाम 3:30 से 5:30)
Q. Joblessness among Indians in the Gulf region: Discuss the impact of rising joblessness among Indian in Gulf region.
Aug 03, 2016 Related to : GS Paper-3

Ans :

Introduction-

Recently Indians in Gulf region in general and Saudi Arabia in particular are witnessing a huge humanitarian crisis, as an estimated 10,000 Indian workers who have lost their jobs in recent months are struggling to survive in the relief camps there. India is pro-actively trying to evacuate these workers by urging the Saudi government to issue exit visas and ensure that the workers’ dues are settled.

Reason-

The economic slowdown in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) region following the fall in global crude oil prices has affected over 10,000 Indians, mostly working in the construction sector with factories shut down and workers laid off.

Impact-

  • Due to economic slowdown in GCC region due to prolonged slump in oil prices, remittance from these regions fell for the first time in six years. According recent Crisil report remittance fell by 2.2% i.e. nearly ₹2.5 lakh crore.
  • GCC nations account about 50% of India’s total remittances, and about 40% of that accrues to a single State, Kerala. Hence the recent crisis have huge impact on India in general and Kerala in particular.
  • Due to crisis, GCC economies have raised taxes, reducing disposable income, and have slashed expenditures to cope with their current account deficits.
  • This has reduced jobs across a slew of sectors such as construction and hospitality. Besides, the Indian workforce has been losing out over time to competition from Asian countries.
  • An estimated 2.4 million immigrate to GCC countries from Kerala every year, while 1.1 million return. Over time, this could have contributed to a 10-million strong Indian community in these countries. Given both the state of the oil economy and political instability in the region, India has to rescue ever larger numbers.

Suggestions-

  • Due to increasing economic crisis at worldwide, India economy must be prepared to offer huge number of jobs to those who lost their jobs in foreign countries.
  • India government must work in cooperation with states, particularly with Kerala for job creation.

Conclusion-

GCC remittance accounts 50% of total remittance and 22% of Kerala’s GDP. Oil prices unlikely to pick up in the near future, hence India must be prepared to address the situation. Economic crisis in Gulf has huge impact on India economy. To address it Investment in public and private, rural and urban, must pick up in a concerted way.


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