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सेमिनार: अंग्रेज़ी सीखने का अवसर (23 सितंबर: दोपहर 3 बजे)
Q. Issues of EVM’s: Comment on the issue of EVM allegation and suggest measures.
Apr 13, 2017 Related to : GS Paper-2

Ans :


In the backdrop of recent assembly elections held 5 states many political parties who lost elections are accused for tampering electronic voting machines (EVM) towards particular political parties. The Supreme Court of India has issued a notice to the Election Commission over a petition on the alleged tampering of EVM’s during the recent Assembly Elections in five states. In this backdrop, the election commission of India has dismissed the EVM tampering allegation and has thrown open challenge to prove the allegation of tampering. 


  • Election Commission of India (ECI) is an independent body and know all over the world for efficiency in conducting free and fair election in the world’s largest democracy.
  • But in recent times ECI is facing allegation of EVM tampering by political parties who lost elections. Even they blamed ECI for faulty EVM’s and it can be tampered and hacked to gain political mileage.
  • But ECI termed it such charges as incorrect and baseless, stating that none of the complainants have come up with any proof to support their allegations. Similarly it has thrown open challenge to prove those allegations.
  • In this backdrop, there is need to ensure the integrity of ECI which it has maintained since its inception by proving those allegations as wrong. Hence making a robust system even more robust is need of the hour and it can be done through usage of voter-verified paper audit trail (VVPAT) machines at each stage.

What can be done-?

  • The government should make funds available for the Election Commission of India to equip itself with about 1.5 million VVPAT machines for every voting machine.
  • Usage of VVPAT will ensure that EVM cannot tamper and it will enhance the trust and integrity of ECI.
  • It much needed to remove the cloud of doubt over EVM’s and it will boost our democracy further and will reinforce its validity in public perception and to deny sore losers a chance to whine about malfunctioning equipment.


Many political parties made allegation of tampering of EVM and demanded for usage of paper ballot, but going to paper ballot is not an answer in largest democracy like ours. Though ECI maintained its integrity but in the backdrop of EVM tampering allegation, it is better to reinforce its validity in public perception by proving the allegation as wrong. It can be possible by using VVPAT machines for each EVMs and government should ensure the availability of funds to procure VVPATs.

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