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Q. Issues of Bird flu: Comment on outbreak of bird flu in and around the Delhi.
Oct 25, 2016 Related to : GS Paper- 2

Ans :

Introduction-

Currently National Capital Region Delhi has been affected by the bird flu or avian influenza. The bird flu has toll of more than 40 birds in Delhi. The rising death toll of birds has alarmed people and government of the National Capital Region.

Issue-

  • Several subtypes and strains of avian influenza viruses are now found around the world, some of them capable of causing death among humans and others inflicting serious losses on poultry farmers.
  • The latest bird flu scare in and around Delhi has been triggered by the death birds in the city’s Park, and 15 painted storks in the Gwalior zoo.
  • Worrying as it is, early detection and identification of the virus subtypes helps in launching containment measures.

Analysis-

  • Majority of India’s population is dependent on Agriculture.  India as a major agricultural nation with a large poultry industry, has implemented an action plan formulated by the Centre’s Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries to deal with avian influenza.
  • It incorporates a clear protocol for preventive checks and testing, for reporting an outbreak, removing farmed birds from an affected area and compensating farmers.
  • The outbreaks in Kerala and Karnataka over the past two years have tested the efficacy of the intervention strategy.
  • Considering that the virus is endemic in parts of Asia and mutates quickly, the need for vigilant monitoring against its reintroduction and spread cannot be overstated.
  • Zoos across the country are at risk, since they often have water bodies within or nearby, attracting winter visitors.
  • A more recent cause for concern has been the virus strain H7N9 that caused serious illness in people mostly in China, but not in birds.

Suggestions-

  • There is an urgent need to collect samples at the state level to test the spread of bird flu.
  • Functioning of these departments needs to be tighten,  given the impact on people and agriculture, and for a national-level report to be published each year.
  • Border regions that trade in live poultry have a particularly important responsibility to look out for sick birds.
  • Public health messaging, with advice on poultry consumption during a suspected outbreak, is essential to contain spread of any rumours.

Conclusion-

The recent reports of death tolls of birds in and around Delhi have raised the alarming bell in throughout the Nation. As these flues also affects humans and spread fastly, hence there is an urgent need to address this issue. Though governments are initiated various measures, but these must be implemented effectively.


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