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बेसिक इंग्लिश का दूसरा सत्र (कक्षा प्रारंभ : 22 अक्तूबर, शाम 3:30 से 5:30)
Q. Issues and solution of production of pulses: Discuss the issues for low production of pulses in India and also suggest possible solutions.
Jul 08, 2016 Related to : GS Paper- 3

Ans :

Introduction-

Recently India signed an agreement with Mozambique for import of pulses for five years. There is growing demand for pulses in India. Consumption of pulses in India is over 22 million tonnes, where as India produces less than 19 million tonnes of pulses every year. To meet its need India imports pulses from 46 countries. The yields of pulses in India are very low in comparison to other countries.

Reason for low production-

  • Indian agriculture is dependent on rainfall for water and pulse crops are grown in rain-fed areas. Below normal monsoon and lack of sufficient irrigation affects the output of pulses.
  • An agro-climatic condition in India is comparatively less suitable to pulses, which hampered cultivation of pulses across the country and around the year.
  • Pulse crop in India has witnessed very little research, hence in the absence of high-yield varieties, Indian farmers practice age old practice which results in low yield.
  • Due to minimum support price regime Indian formers prefer to sow wheat and paddy instead of pulses.
  • Though government has announced minimum support price for pulses, but it does not have the resources to procure pulses on the same scale as wheat and paddy, which discourages formers to grow pulses.

Suggestions-

  • To address the issue of low yield government needs to adopt both long term and short term measures.
  • Government needs to promote pulses crop intensively with various measures like announcing subsidies for irrigation, power etc. India needs to build proper irrigation system
  • India should promote research and developmental activities to produce high-yield seeds. Also needs to open more universities to promote research activities.
  • Government should rationalise the minimum support price to promote protein foods like pulses.
  • Similarly there is needs bring reforms in agricultural markets to ensure assured markets for farmers who grow pulses.

Conclusion-

For high and increasing population like India protein foods like pulses are most necessary. Continuous dependence on imports is not good for long term. Hence Central and state governments together should address the issues that leading low yield of pulses and should undertake various actions to promote pulses cultivation.


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