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Q. Issue of road safety and law: Comment on issue of road safety and need of strong law on road safety.
Jan 09, 2017 Related to : GS Paper-2 and 3

Ans :

 Introduction-

Of the total 1.3 million traffic fatalities globally in the year 2015, India accounted for 1, 48,707 persons, means registering an increase of 5.1% in accident fatalities between 2014 and 2015. Every hour, there are 53 road accidents in India, killing about 17 people, among them 10.5% are children.

Issue- 

  • Reducing road fatalities will require drastic action and concerted efforts from the government. The amendments to the Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill address many of these issues. 
  • Despite the urgency of the road safety issue, the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Transport has been reviewing the Bill for almost five months now.
Analysis-
  • India has committed under the Brasilia Declaration and the Sustainable Development Goals to halve the number of deaths and injuries from road traffic accidents by the year 2020. However, progress on the ground is negligible.
  • Improving road design and management with an emphasis on ensuring safety of the most vulnerable users, pedestrians and cyclists and improving road-user behaviour must form the core of any effort to reduce road fatalities.
  • It requires sustained and enhanced public awareness and enforcement of laws. Improving post-crash response will help reduced fatalities. It requires strong law. 
  • Amendments to motor-vehicle will address many of the issues, hence there is a need to speed up the efforts, so that bill can be discussed and passed in upcoming session. 
  • Though bill alone is not sufficient to arrest the rising numbers of accidents and deaths, but it will act as guide in operational process. Hence government and opposition must made effort to bring the bill upcoming session.
Conclusion-

India’s performance on road safety is very negligible in comparison to most of the world. India’s accidental fatalities are very high and it is cause of concern. Hence it must be addressed effectively, for that it needs a strong law. Hence all concerned parties must take sincere effort to clear the bill in coming session of parliament.     


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