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mains Test Series 2018
Q. Issue of railway of safety: In the backdrop of recent report of the Commission of Railway Safety, comment on the issue.
Feb 02, 2017 Related to : GS Paper-2

Ans :

Introduction-

In its preliminary report by Commission of Railway Safety (CRS) on the derailment of the Indore-Rajendranagar Express in November 2016 that killed over 140 people found that derailment was primarily caused by carriage and wagon defects. The bad railway performance is major cause of many accidents, hence the recent report should serve as a reality check for the Railway Ministry.

Report-

The CRS report on the Indore-Rajendranagar Express specifically identified a variation in the wheel gauges of two coaches, and found carriages being run beyond their useful life.

Issues-

  • Above issue is not a rare instance where inquiries have found the Railways seriously deficient. In fact, the annual report of the CRS Lucknow for the year 2012-13 cites failure of railway equipment, derelict staff, rail fractures and, on some occasions, non-railway factors to be responsible for fatal accidents.
  • The collision of the Hubli-Bengaluru City Hampi Express with a goods train that left 25 people dead, for instance, was caused by failure of staff. 
  • The Kakodkar committee on railway safety found that out of 441 derailments it analysed, only about 15% were the result of sabotage, while the majority were caused by the mismanagement by the railway administration.


What can be done-?

  • Railways in India serve the vital function of providing travel access to millions, hence it must be a safe. It is the responsibility of the government to make it equitable and comfortable. 
  • Currently the ministry of railways is pursuing major safety initiative ‘the Rashtriya Rail Sanraksha Kosh’, with a non-lapsable corpus of ₹1,19,183 crore. Considering the past experience, it is governed by a transparent framework with public reporting requirements.
  • There is need to adopt various initiatives like replacing age old coaches with modern coaches as recommended by Kakodkar panel recommendation. For that it needs higher gross budgetary support to raise safety in railways, that it has a universal service obligation.

Conclusion-

Growing economic prosperity demands greater mobility, hence there is an urgent need to enhance the safety of India railways. To ensure greater safety it needs a clear vision for both service and financing, with zero tolerance for accidents. Hence government of India should come up with effective vision to improve safety of railways in India.


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