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बेसिक इंग्लिश का दूसरा सत्र (कक्षा प्रारंभ : 22 अक्तूबर, शाम 3:30 से 5:30)
Q. Issue of food wastage: Comment on problem of food wastage in India.
Jan 06, 2017 Related to : GS Paper-3

Ans :

Introduction-

According to the United Nations’ Food and Agriculture Organisation’s report, one-third of all food produced for human consumption, roughly 1.3 billion tonnes, is lost or wasted. Though food wastage is a global problem, but it is very high in India. According to some report, harvest and post-harvest loss in India is of nearly Rs 93,000 crore in 2012-13, i.e. nearly 16% of fruit and vegetables and 6% of cereals were lost. 

Reasons-

  • Lack of required processing capacity is one of the main reason behind such huge food loss.
  • Lack of transport links and storage facilities also important reasons for wastage of foods.

Analysis-

  • Reducing post-harvest loss will increase the amount of food available to farmers for their own consumption and for sale. It will contribute to addressing the country’s hunger and malnutrition problem. 
  • Food produced but unavailable for consumption exacts an environmental toll, using up water, degrading land and producing emissions of greenhouse gases.
  • Till now, governments and industry have stressed on the need for storage. The focus needs to be on moving the produce from the field to the consumer. This means marketing freedom for farmers, motorable roads, refrigerated vans and smooth movement across state borders etc.
  • There is need of investment in the food processing industry, particularly close to the areas of production. This will minimise food loss during transport. 

Conclusion-

Huge quantity of food is wasted in India, if we succeed in reducing food wastage, it will benefit us on various fronts. India has about 200 million undernourished people, this problem can be addressed by reducing the food wastage. Hence time has came to address this issue immediately. 


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