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बेसिक इंग्लिश का दूसरा सत्र (कक्षा प्रारंभ : 22 अक्तूबर, शाम 3:30 से 5:30)
Q. Issue of Jallikattu: Discuss the issue of Jallikattu in detail.
Jan 20, 2017 Related to : GS paper-1 and 2.

Ans :

Introduction-

Since last two-three days Tamil Nadu has witnessed huge protests against the ban of cultural event ‘Jallikattu’ and protestors requested government to bring an ordinance to neutralise the Supreme Court’s ban order. The matter is in Supreme Court and apex court agrees to delay its verdict as per request of the central government. 

What is Jallikattu-?

It is a bull taming event typically practiced in Tamil Nadu as a part of Pongal celebrations. It is a traditional sport in which a bull is released into a crowd of people. Multiple human participants attempt to grab and tightly and hang on to it while the bull attempts to escape. The bull that wins is used to service numerous cows preserving the native breed.

What is the issue-?

In May 2014, the Supreme Court of India banned the practice, citing animal welfare issues. But the people of Tamil Nadu consider it symbolic of Tamilian pride as it is an ancient tradition that has been carried on for years and it is required maintain native cattle breeds, hence they are demanding for withdrawn of the ban.  

Timeline-

  • In 2011, the Environment Ministry added bulls to its 1991 notification banning the training and exhibition of bears, monkeys, tigers, panthers and dogs. 
  • In the year 2014, emphasising the cultural importance of Jallikattu, the central government allows use of bulls by amending its 2011 order.
  • In 2014, the Supreme Court passed a verdict of banning Jallikattu, in favour of Peta & the Animal Welfare Board of India (AWBI) clarifying that bulls must not be used in Jallikattu, bull races, bullfights or any other type of performance.
  • In January 2016, Centre revokes ban on Jallikattu through a notification that mentions that this exemption is subject to the condition that bulls are treated properly and not subjected to cruelty.
  • Centres notification was challenged in apex court and court issues stay order on revoking ban on Jallikattu.
  • Now January 2017 Tamil Nadu has witnessed huge protest and now state government wants to bring executive order to revoke the ban on Jallikattu. 

Analysis-

  • According to people who opposes the Jallikattu event argues that their investigation found that the bulls were being disoriented, deliberately. The bulls' tails were allegedly bitten and twisted, stabbed, punched and dragged on the ground.
  • They insist that cruelty is not limited to slaughter but includes unnecessary suffering and torture induced on animals for the purpose of human entertainment.
  • But those who supports Jallikattu, argues that it is historic, cultural and religious significance of the event, has been carried on for years.
  • It is not just cultural event, but it is also aimed at preserving the native cattle breeds. Hence they argue that ban imposed on Jallikattu goes against cultural as well economic interest of the people.  
  • In this background, Judiciary, central and state government must respect the cultural and economic interest of the people of Tamil Nadu and take actions if they found any cruelty. 

Conclusion-

The huge protesters in favour of Jallikattu, wants to retain their cultural pride and reject the allegation that Jallikattu is cruel to the bulls. Though the matter is in the apex court, now Tamil Nadu government wants to bring ordinance to revoke the ban on Jallikattu. Similarly the apex court has agreed to delay its judgement on Jallikattu. Now Judiciary, central and state governments should find a path to retain the cultural pride of Jallikattu and also take actions if they found any cruelty.


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