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Q. Indian Labour Bureau survey: Comment on issues related to recently realised survey of an employment by Indian Labour Bureau.
Apr 23, 2016 Related to : GS Paper-3

Ans :

In news- 

Recently the Indian Labour Bureau realised its quarterly survey about employment status in the country for the third quarter of 2015-16.

Introduction-


Labour Bureau is an attached office of Ministry of Labour & Employment and it is responsible for collection and publication of statistics and related information on wages, earnings, productivity, absenteeism, labour turnover, working conditions etc.

Key-points of Survey-


The survey has undertakes around 2000 establishments covering 8 sectors across the country. Out of the 8 sectors, seven sectors saw reduction in employment. Expect textiles and apparel, all other 7 sectors IT and IT-enabled services, transport, jewellery, leather, metals, automobiles and the handloom and power loom have showed negative growth during the quarter.

Issues-

The survey has been carried out in less than 2000 establishments. It does not cover many important industries (covered only 8), and more importantly excludes the informal sector. Also the data release lag is also more. Hence it may not represent realistic data of present time.

Suggestions-

India being a developing country, there is obvious need for employment data. It needs an employment survey that includes the whole economy, including the unorganised sector. To get realistic information about employment coverage of sectors and establishments needs to be increased and time lag for publication of survey reports needs to be reduced. It is good news that these survey reportedly being expanded to cover 18 sectors and 10,000 establishments. Data collection is not a difficult task as India has enough institutional and intellectual ability.

Conclusion-


Employment is by far the most important metric for policy makers, whether it is monetary or fiscal policy or welfare measures, timely and quality data on employment are critical. Investing in employment data will enable more appropriate policy, fiscal decisions, and monetary policy.


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