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बेसिक इंग्लिश का दूसरा सत्र (कक्षा प्रारंभ : 22 अक्तूबर, शाम 3:30 से 5:30)
Q. India to ratify Paris Agreement: In the backdrop of government’s decision to ratify Paris agreement, comment on the issue.
Sep 27, 2016 Related to : GS Paper 3 and 2.

Ans :

Introduction-

Recently government of India has announced that India will ratify the Paris agreement i.e Paris climate deal on October 2, on the eve of Mahatma Gandhi’s birth anniversary. India’s decision to ratify Paris climate deal is a welcome affirmation of India’s commitment to join the global community in reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.

India and Paris climate deal-

  • India is fourth biggest emitter of green house gasses after China, USA and European Union. 
  • Earlier, Indian government has signed Paris agreement along with over 170 nations, which was aimed at combating global warming by cutting down green house gas emissions.
  • Now government of India has decided to ratify the Paris deal on October 2, it reflects India’s commitment to combat global warming by joining with global community.

Status of Paris agreement-

  • Currently 61 countries, which are altogether responsible for about 48% of total carbon emissions, have ratified Paris agreement.
  • To become operational, Paris agreement must be ratified by the number of countries which accounts total 55% of carbon emissions.
  • By observing current trend it is expected that, Paris agreement will become operational before the deadline for signatures set for April 2017.

Suggestions –

  • To implement its commitment through Paris agreement, India must begin a national consultative process on low carbon strategies.
  • Every aspect of energy use would need precise measurement in the years ahead, which several sectors of the economy are ill-equipped to do at present.
  • India must upgrade the electricity grid to take in higher volumes of renewable power to realise the national goal submitted to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change.
  • Though central government has adopted many far reaching steps, but it can be realised only with active participation of state governments. Hence centre should take states on board in this regard.

Conclusion-

Central government’s decision to ratify Paris deal is commendable steps, as India will join with global community in combating global warming. India being on of the fastest growing economy, it should take lead role in such global commitments. To reduce carbon emissions, India needs to take several bold steps. And government is undertaking many bold steps in this direction.


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