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बेसिक इंग्लिश का दूसरा सत्र (कक्षा प्रारंभ : 22 अक्तूबर, शाम 3:30 से 5:30)
Q. India-Nepal Relation: Outline the recent issues between India and Nepal with brief background.
May 10, 2016 Related to : GS Paper-2

Ans :


  • Nepal shares long and enduring cultural and political ties with India. It shares more than 1800 km of open border with five Indian states. In the modern times, after Independence of India, India-Nepal have signed Peace and Friendship Treaty in 1950. 

  • According to the treaty Nepali citizens enjoy national treatment and Nepali businesses have unhindered rights of trade, transit and movement in India. An estimated six million Nepali citizens live and work in India and contribute to their inward remittances. 

  • It shows the deep ties between India and Nepal, but in recent times it has been affected due to various reasons.


  • India has always been an important factor in internal politics of Nepal, especially after April 2006 when radical changes happened in Nepal politics. India’s mediation in bringing together eight parties, gave India unprecedented popularity in Nepal.

  • The eight groups that India helped come together 10 years ago are now fragmented and some have even turned into bitter rivals. And they are blaming India for their internal political discourses and instability.

  • India also raised its reservation on newly passed Nepali constitution and blockade of goods followed after that by Madheshis created shortages of essential commodities in Nepal, resulted into new low in relation between two. 


  • Since last one decade many Nepali political parties are blaming India, for its delay in formulation of its constitution. All mainstream political parties in Nepal raised question on India’s commitment to facilitating the process of writing a new constitution in Nepal, despite the fact that India had played a crucial role in ensuring the success of Nepal’s democracy movement.

  • India has raised its reservation over newly passed Nepali constitution and criticised it for not addressing concerns of Madheshis and other marginalised section.

  • India criticised Nepal’s human rights record at the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva, especially in dealing with the Madhesi agitation. India also demanded legal action against those guilty of human rights violations during the years of insurgency in Nepal

  • After devastating earthquake in Nepal, the blockade by Madhesis has halted oil and other essential supplies, which created another humanitarian crisis in Nepal. Nepal government blames India for this blockade. 

  • Also Nepal government is facing problem of instability due to its failure in reconstructing work after devastating earthquake last year. They are using anti-India sentiments for their political benefits.

  • In recent times Nepal is getting closer to China, is also one of the important reason currents problems. 

  • Recently many high level visits between leaders of India and Nepal due to different reasons.


It is widely accepted fact that India and Nepal are more than just neighbours and share a unique relationship of friendship and cooperation characterized by open borders and deep-rooted people-to-people contacts of kinship and culture. Recent developments have affected the relationship between two heavily and reached the stage of new low. Bound by cultural, economic and political ties since long time, both countries should resolve the outstanding issues at the earliest to restore the friendly relations between two.



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