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बेसिक इंग्लिश का दूसरा सत्र (कक्षा प्रारंभ : 22 अक्तूबर, शाम 3:30 से 5:30)
Q. India-China standoff: ‘Astana consensus’ between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and President Xi Jinping to not “allow differences to become disputes” is being tested in the Doklam standoff issue. Comment.
Jul 19, 2017 Related to : GS Paper-2

Ans :

It is over one month of military standoff between India and China, with no indication either side will back down. There is a sense in India that it will break down the Astana consensus. 

Analysis-

  • China’s extension of its road in the Doklam area has serious issue to both Bhutan and India. Bhutan believes that Doklam belongs to it and that Chinese encroachments, over several years, have gone too far. India has to worry on two fronts. It is determined to stand firm by the side of its ally, Bhutan. It is also determined that Chinese forces must not be allowed any nearer the thin wedge of Indian territory pinched between Nepal, Bhutan and Bangladesh. If China were to cut off this “chicken’s neck” in a future conflict, it would sever the links between northern and northeastern India.
  • China insists it is extending a road on its own territory, and this is no business of Thimphu or Delhi – and particularly not Delhi. For Beijing, the Doklam area is on the China-Bhutan border and therefore the quarrel is not India’s. It has seen Indian troops push back its troops in an area it claims is Chinese territory. Beijing is not used to weaker powers pushing back, and its recent statements have been the most belligerent on record since the 1960s and certainly since the Sumdorong Chu crisis of 1986-87.
  • But the in this age of satellites and GPS, India and China have continued to rely on stone heaps, referred to as Cairns on Kerang plateau in Northern Sikkim. China has its own interpretation leading to silly game of dispersal and regathering of stone heaps. Chinese border management is based on Border Defence Regiments akin to our BSF / ITBP operating from bases like Yatung and Phari Dzong, who patrol to reiterate claims. Timing and choice of location of patrols is orchestrated to convey a message.
  • Aggressive China, after establishing economic suzerainty in ASEAN, it promulgated, ‘Nine Dashes Line’ in South China Sea and forced littorals like Philippines into meek submission. China is orchestrating a dangerous mix of psychological warfare aided by media backed up with legal and cartographic manipulation.
  • Doklam is a pasture, grazing rights and permits for which have been traditionally controlled by Bhutan. Chinese on their part have been intimidating the grazers thereby shrinking the area to bolster their claim. 

Conclusion-

In the recent message of Indian government said it is pursuing all diplomatic options in order to resolve differences with China on the dispute. China has so far rejected any talks until the Indian troops move back. But New Delhi’s insistence on neither asking the troops to step back nor stopping the pursuit of dialogue is a mature response. It is to be hoped that National Security Adviser Ajit Doval’s coming visit to Beijing to attend a BRICS meeting hosted by his counterpart, and other engagements in the run-up to Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s scheduled visit to Xiamen for the BRICS summit in September, will see this strategy bear fruit. Only such processes will uphold the Astana consensus.


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