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Q. India’s Renewable Energy: Discuss the initiatives taken by the Government for the up gradation of Renewable energy.
Jun 24, 2017 Related to : GS Paper-3

Ans :

Introduction-

India's position in Renewable energy country attractiveness index has moved up from third position to the second spot. India’s renewable energy generation capacity is now at a little over 57 GW. In nearly doubling the renewable energy portfolio in three years, the government has shown its commitment to low-carbon development.

  • Initiatives Taken by the Government:
  • The Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission was launched on the 11th January 2010, the Mission has set the ambitious target of deploying 20,000 MW of grid connected solar power by 2022 and aims at reducing the cost of solar power generation in the country through :

(i) Long term policy 
(ii) Large scale deployment goals.

  • An initiative under the Indo German Energy Programme (IGEP), SOLAR GUIDELINES is a web-based platform for encouraging rapid development of the solar power sector in India.
  • India has long coastline where there is a good possibility for developing offshore wind power projects. The cabinet has cleared the National Offshore Wind Energy Policy.
  • To promote Solar Power in the country: Exemption from excise duties and concession on import duties on components and equipment required to set up a solar plant.
  • Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) up to 100% is permitted under the automatic route for renewable energy generation and distribution projects subject to provisions of The Electricity Act, 2003.

Conclusion:

The government must invest more in research and development, publicly fund research institutions that can serve as incubators for cutting-edge technologies of the future. The government must leverage its participation to catalyze greater engagement by the private sector. The government needs to draw up incentives and disincentives to encourage cities, businesses and other entities to increase the use of renewable energy. Increasing capacity is the easier part of mainstreaming renewable energy.


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