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Q. Importance NSG membership to India: Why membership of nuclear supplier group more important to India?
Jun 09, 2016 Related to : GS-Paper-2

Ans :

Introduction-

Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) is a group of nuclear supplier countries, which seek to prevent nuclear proliferation by controlling the export of materials, equipment and technology that can be used to manufacture nuclear weapons.

India and NSG-

The NSG was established in 1975 in response to India’s nuclear test in 1974. Though NSG is admitting new countries but it is allowing only those countries which are signatory of Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) or Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT). India has signed neither the NPT nor is it a member of CTBT.

Since long time India is trying to get NSG membership. It was civil nuclear deal with US, concluded in 2008, that paved the way for India’s application as a member of NSG. Considering India’s commitment to separate its civilian and military nuclear programmes and its non proliferation record in nuclear weapons India has got support from various NSG members.

Importance of NSG membership-

  • It will pave the way to access technology for a range of uses from medicine to building nuclear power plants for India.

  • By accessing latest technology, India can commercialize the production of nuclear power equipment. This, in turn will boost innovation and high tech manufacturing in India.

  • Having the ability to offer its own nuclear power plants to the world means spawning of an entire nuclear industry and related technology development. This could give the Make in India programme a big boost.

  • An NSG membership will make indigenous nuclear industry companies comply with international norms and make it easier for them to trade in international market.

  • There is pressing need to scale up nuclear power production to realise India’s commitment to reduce dependence on fossil fuels and to ensure 40% of its energy is sourced from renewable and clean sources. It will possible only if India gains access to NSG.

Conclusion-

Inclusion into NSG opens wide-range opportunities for India.  Since long time India has been trying to gain entry into the NSG. With India’s clean record in nuclear weapons, now India is getting support from more nations and India’s bid to enter in NSG could be realised soon.


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