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बेसिक इंग्लिश का दूसरा सत्र (कक्षा प्रारंभ : 22 अक्तूबर, शाम 3:30 से 5:30)
Q. Habitat III: Comment on recently concluded UN Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development.
Oct 25, 2016 Related to : GS Paper-3

Ans :


Habitat is acronym for a major global summit, formally known as the United Nations Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development. The aim of the conference is to reinvigorate the global political commitment to the sustainable development of towns, cities and other human settlements, both rural and urban. The product of that reinvigoration, along with pledges and new obligations, is being referred to as the New Urban Agenda.

Habitat III-

The United Nations has conducted third conference recently in Quito, Ecuador. The conference has set new urban agenda, that will set a new global strategy around urbanization for the next two decades.

Key features of Habitat III summit-

  • The New Urban Agenda finalised in Habitat III sets the global vision of sustainable urbanization for the next 20 years.
  • It is the outcome document that has emerged from the UN Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development
  • The document was adopted by representatives of national governments, its preparation lasted two years and involved discussions with various stakeholders, including local governments, civil society groups and urban scholars and practitioners.
  • The Agenda arrives at an interesting moment when a new international development framework to succeed the Millennium Development Goals is being crystallized
  • The challenges of a rapidly urbanising world and of providing people with equal opportunities in cities were the central themes of the summit.
  • A Memorandum of Understanding to enhance cooperation between urban development and aviation was signed.

Analysis with Indian perspective-

  • The new agenda set in Habitat III has set guiding compass for member-countries for the next 20 years, and attracts wide governmental and civil society participation.
  • But, the process has to be strengthened to evaluate how countries have fared since the two previous conferences on issues such as reducing urban inequality, improving access to housing and sanitation, mobility, and securing the rights of women, children, older adults and people with disability.
  • Currently, as services come to occupy a dominant place in the urban economy, the divide between highly paid professionals and low-wage workers, the majority, has become pronounced.
  • The above trends are relevant to India, where 31% of the population and 26% of the workforce was urban according to Census 2011, with more people moving to cities and towns each year.
  • Urban governance policies, although mainly in the domain of the States, must be aligned with national commitments on reduction of carbon emissions under the Paris Agreement, and to achieve Sustainable Development Goals.
  • Though India has launched various initiatives, but it is not on par with the scale needed to address the contradictions of building 21st century cities for 20th century industrial technologies.


The recent summit held in Quito has set new agenda for sustainable environment. It has covered various emerging challenges of present times. Now it is on member nations to implement these aspects effectively. India must adhere these agendas effectively in its various initiatives of urbanisation.

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