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बेसिक इंग्लिश का दूसरा सत्र (कक्षा प्रारंभ : 22 अक्तूबर, शाम 3:30 से 5:30)
Q. H-1B visa hurdle: Discuss the new developments with respect to H-1B visa norms of the American government.
Apr 21, 2017 Related to : GS Paper-3

Ans :

Introduction-

The President of United States of America has recently signed H-1B visa order, which is intended to tighten the rules for foreign worker. The executive order to review the US H-1B visa programme for technology workers has direct impact on the information technology professionals of India, who are working in USA. 

H-1 B visa-

The H1B visa is an employment-based, non-immigrant visa category for temporary worker, who intend to work in USA. For such a visa, an employer must offer a job and apply for your H1B visa petition with the US Immigration Department. Once approved, an employee will be allowed to work in USA for that employer for a specific period.

Impact-

  • Though the executive order of USA President does not changed the rule as of now, but the order “Buy American and Hire American” could mean fewer opportunities to send Indian nationals, the largest group of H-1B recipients annually. 
  • The President has direct federal agencies of USA to suggest reforms to ensure that H-1B visas are awarded to the most skilled and highest paid petition beneficiaries, which has put IT companies on notice for upcoming changes.
  • India's biggest IT companies, TCS, Infosys, Wipro and others, that enjoy significant cost advantages by sending Indian engineers to the USA, will be affected if USA tightens H-1B visa norms.
  • According to Reuters report, the H-1B visa program tends to be more critical to outsourcing firms than US tech firms. India, the largest exporter of IT workforce to the USA, hence it will affect Indian people working in USA on H-1B visa.
  • Since last year it has been witnessed that, countries like, United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand have tightened their visa norms largely used by Indian IT companies. Such curtailment of access to Indian manpower in their export markets has direct and negative impact on Indians as well as Indian economy. 

Measures to be taken-

  • The Indian companies must swiftly reinvent themselves to become more innovative for a challenging environment, given that governments want to keep the interests of their country and people at the centre. Indian companies should shift their focus from low-cost manpower to high productivity. 
  • Artificial intelligence and automation already threaten to eat up much of the work Indian IT performs with its H-1B manpower. So, Indian IT services companies must raise their operations by acquiring serious consulting capability, entering new  cutting-edge areas of business like Internet of Things, and deploying high-end computing of their own, incorporating artificial intelligence and automation, to take on the competition.
  • In the long run, Indian government should work on to entice more highly-skilled Indians to give up on their American dream and return home. For that we need to create a more convivial business environment. Hence Indians in USA can be attracted by creating an eco-system to flourish.

Conclusion-

The protectionist policy of American government is cause of concern for Indian IT companies as well as Indian IT professionals. Any changes in H-1B visa norms have direct impact both IT companies and IT professionals from India. Hence there is an urgent need that India companies should become more innovative to be in challenging environment. As a short term measures Indian government should deal with USA government and in long run, India should create an eco-system to attract those Indians who employed in USA.


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