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बेसिक इंग्लिश का दूसरा सत्र (कक्षा प्रारंभ : 22 अक्तूबर, शाम 3:30 से 5:30)
Q. Ganga-Yamuna living entities: Discuss the importance of the Uttarakhand high court ruling, declared that the Ganga and Yamuna are as living entities.
Mar 25, 2017 Related to : GS Paper-3

Ans :


Recently the Uttarakhand high court declared that the Ganga and Yamuna are as living entities, bestowing on them same legal rights as a person. The ruling of High Court could help in efforts to clean the pollution-choked rivers. The court ruling now means, Ganga and Yamuna rivers will be treated like a natural person, only through a designated person.

Importance of High Court ruling-

  • It is for the first time that Indian court has recognised a non-human as a living entity. The order grants these rivers a new-found legal identity and all rights laid out in the Constitution. They can also be parties to disputes; the rights can be used to protect the interests of the rivers.
  • Now, the court order will allow complaints to be filed in the name of the two rivers, held sacred by millions of Hindus. It also gives the Centre eight weeks to set up boards for cleaning and maintaining the rivers.


  • The court orders is a positive move towards the process of clean and revive these both rivers, whether it will have any impact at all on the ground remains to be seen. This is because the order is given by a state high court which means that its jurisdiction will be within the state.
  • Now it remains to be seen whether the authorities heading the Namami Gange (Clean Ganga) Mission, a pet project of incumbent central government launched to clean and revive the river, will extend it to states though which the rivers flow.
  • The central government should take clue from ruling of the Uttarakhand High Court, use the living status granted by the judiciary and extend it to these rivers flowing in other parts of the country and address the pollution problems of these rivers. 


The Ganga-Yamuna Rivers are considered as sacred rivers in India and these rivers affected by heavy pollution. In this background the ruling of Uttarakhand High Court that grants living status to river Ganga and Yamuna is welcome move, hence central government should utilise this opportunity and expedite the process of cleansing these rivers effectively.  

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