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Q. Full statehood for Delhi: Discuss why Delhi needs full statehood.
Aug 10, 2016 Related to : GS paper-2

Ans :

Introduction-

Delhi has made union territory due to its national capital status. It houses federal institutions, a diplomatic community and other national institutions. Therefore, an arrangement being made, according to which the primary control over a city that serves as a nodal centre for the entire nation vests to central government.

Recent issue-

Since long time there is a demand to grant full statehood to Delhi. Many times political parties made it poll issue. Recently Delhi High court ruled that National capital territory Delhi is Union territory and Lieutenant-Governor (L-G) as its administrative head. Ruling is considered as set-back to full statehood status for Delhi.

Why Delhi needs full statehood?

  • Unlike other capitals across the world, Delhi with a population of nearly 19 million and an area of almost 1,500 sq km, it is bigger than many nations.
  • In a federal system, state governments have clearly set out spheres of influence making them in some cases the lead power centre compared to the national government.
  • Delhi has an elected assembly, a chief minister and a council of ministers, and three mayors, a situation that created multiplicity of authority and lack of accountability.
  • This situation has created various civic problems across Delhi and it also affected development of the city.
  • Hence the people of Delhi deserve a functioning and accountable administration, one that is elected by them.

Suggestions-

  • The New Delhi Municipal Corporation (NDMC), which comprises areas housing the central government, the diplomatic enclave and national institutions, should continue to be a municipality with an elected mayor.
  • For all practical purposes NDMC should be designated as National Capital Area. And the remaining portions of Delhi should be given full statehood.

Conclusion-

In a democracy people representative should accountable to its people. Accountability for Delhi government is possible only when Delhi government granted full statehood. The people of Delhi deserve an administration that delivers for them. Hence area except NDMC, Delhi must be granted full statehood.


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