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mains Test Series 2018
Q. Fiasco in Turkey: comment on ongoing fiasco in Turkey’s security architecture.
Jan 03, 2017 Related to : GS Paper-2

Ans :

Introduction-

On the eve of New Year, Turkey has witnessed another terror attack in Istanbul that killed at least 39 people, mostly foreigners including two Indians. Few days ago the Russian Ambassador was killed in Turkey by terror sympathiser.  These incidents reflect the rapidly deteriorating security situation in Turkey. 

Issue-

In the year 2016, Turkey has dozens of violent incidents, both by the Islamic State and Kurdish rebels, which have raised questions about the government’s ability to provide even basic public security.

Causes-

  • The current Turkey president initially offered help to the anti-regime rebels in Syria and allowed Jihadist rebels to use its land for its terror activity in Syria. This was a monumental mistake, as jihadist entered the nation and started terror activities in Turkey also.
  • Similarly his decision to re-launch the war with Kurdish rebels was also linked to his policy debacle in Syria. Hence Kurdish rebels also launched various attacks on Turkey. 

Analysis-

  • Current Turkey is facing severe thereat from both Islamic state and Kurdish rebels. 
  • Ongoing terror attacks have also badly hit the tourism economy, which makes a sizeable contribution to Turkey’s GDP.
  • President’s authoritarian tendencies and the crackdown on dissent and opposition parties are deeply polarising the country. 
  • It is this fragility, the countries security architecture in is frequently being exposed by the attackers.

Conclusion-

Terror attacks in Turkey have repeatedly exposed Turkey’s security architecture. The most of the problems were due to various disastrous actions by its government and it will affect in long term also. Hence at least now government should initiate corrective measures.   


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