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सेमिनार: अंग्रेज़ी सीखने का अवसर (23 सितंबर: दोपहर 3 बजे)
Q. Dysfunctional cities due to rain: Dysfunctional cities due to heavy rain obstruct its growth. Explain the statement and suggest remedies.
Sep 01, 2016 Related to : GS Paper-3

Ans :


Recent heavy rains lashed various urban centres in India, due to heavy traffic jams and water-logging across cities converted these into dysfunctional entities. Cities put out of kilter by one heavy downpour is plain dysfunctional. Such dysfunctional cities are bane for emerging country like India.

Its impact-

  • Due to heavy rains Indian cities suffers from water logging due to absence or insufficient drainage system and streets in low-lying areas get inundated.
  • Roads are blocked leading to traffic jams, pedestrians have to wade through flooded streets and especially the urban poor, living in slums or squatters have their homes often damaged by the water, which may take several days to recede.
  • Due to these issues employees unable to reach offices and shopkeepers to shops, this leads to near total dysfunctional of cities economy. Consequently it affects the growth of cities.


  • There is an urgent need to focus on improving urban design and planning, making it essential for authorities to undertake vulnerability assessments, demarcate no-development areas and build drainage infrastructure in sync with the natural drainage patterns and topography of the area.
  • Similarly there is need of conserving wetlands and ensuring open spaces, but this needs to become the norm rather than the exception.
  • The existing drainages should be maintained properly without any obstructions. To augment the capacity of existing drainage systems, retrofitting measures would be required.
  • These options must be based on proper assessment and planning. Fixing the problem will require more than better planning. An urban centre is like a complex organism; its smooth functioning requires a cohesive and unified approach.


Indian urban centres are suffering from various issues and lack of infrastructure is one of the core problems. These problems exaggerate problems in rainy reasons. It needs to be addressed. Without addressing these fundamental problems Indian cities keeps suffering and results into obstructions of its economy. Hence government needs to focus on proper planning of urban centres.

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