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Q. Climate change conference at Marrakech: Comment on ongoing negation on climate change at Marrakech conference.
Nov 11, 2016 Related to : GS Paper-3

Ans :

Introduction-

The United Nations conference on climate change is under negotiation about enhanced finance and technology transfer in the city of Marrakech, Morocco. Negotiation on enhanced finance and technology transfer is most vital to realise the goals of the Paris Agreement that has been in force recently. 

India’s status-

Currently India is negotiating on two important principles, i.e the basic principle of equity and common but differentiated responsibilities. These two aspects of UN’s conference on climate change must be ensured.

In India’s case under ongoing negotiation, new developments in sectors such as construction, transport, energy production, waste and water management, as well as agriculture, can benefit from fresh funding and technology.

Analysis on negotiations-

  • Mitigating greenhouse gas emissions is basic necessity to the effort to contain the rise of the global average temperature in the current century to well below 2° Celsius since pre-industrial levels. 
  • By considering current actions and pledges made so far appears it is impossible to achieve the above said target. 
  • Even the Paris Agreement does not have a carbon budget system that gives weightage to the emerging economies taking their historical handicap into account. 
  • Hence it is imperative for suitably high financial flows to both mitigate emissions and prepare communities to adapt to climate change.
  • In this background Marrakech conference of climate change needs to discuss ways and means for countries to integrate their national commitments submitted for the Paris deal into actual policies and investment plans.

Suggestions-

  • There is need to adopt green technologies in power generation, as it has a lock-in effect lasting decades and other areas like transport with immediate impacts such as reduced air pollution has a twin advantage. 
  • The local environment is cleaned up for improving the quality of life and for reduction of carbon emissions. Such aspects must be made mandatory for all participating countries.
  • In case of India, it would have to update its preparedness to meet the new regime of transparency that is to be launched under the climate pact. 

Conclusion-

Currently at ongoing conference of climate change in Marrakech, negotiation are ongoing about the rules and modalities of to reduce the carbon emissions and assisting developing countries with capability building. Many believes that in coming days energy costs are favourable to renewable sources over fossil fuels. Hence every nation should chart out their own course to curb emissions.


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